October 03, 2011

Artificial leaf is silicon solar cell


Daniel Nocera and his research team is developing the artificial leaf that harnesses sunlight to generate hydrogen gas, splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen.  The next phase of his research is to scale the device down, so that it mimics the behavior of algae and increases the generation of hydrogen.  …

…   “The device, Nocera explains, is made entirely of earth-abundant, inexpensive materials — mostly silicon, cobalt and nickel — and works in ordinary water.”   …

Via MIT: Silicon Leaf.


Artificial Leaf generates hydrogen

September 20, 2011

Bacteria hydrogen production offers bio-pathway to energy

Salty seawater and fresh river water are leveraged in the breakdown of organic materials by bacteria to generate hydrogen gas via hydrolysis.  The research continues to explore scale-up opportunities.  …Seawater can play a role in hydrogen production

…   “Exoelectrogenic bacteria, which can transfer electrical energy to conductive materials including metal,  are found in ponds, streams, wastewater, sediments and soil.”   …

Via International Business Times: Hydrogen Production.

Research paper on microbial reverse-electrodialysis.

February 21, 2011

Solar powers hydrogen fuel cell

Penn State research explores the production of hydrogen from fuel cells using light and solar photosynthesis.  The research efforts are focusing on overcoming technical barriers to efficient hydrogen production, by varying materials light wavelengths, etc.  …

…   “While some researchers have used solar cells to make electricity or use concentrated solar heat to split water, Mallouk's process uses the energy in blue light directly.

So far, it is much less efficient than other solar energy conversion technologies.”   …

Via Penn State Univ: Photosynthesis.

November 29, 2010

Low cost platinum catalyst hydrogen production paired with solar technology

Lowering the cost of platinum catalyst helps make hydrogen fuel production more cost effective and, when paired with solar energy generation, also lower carbon impactjingguangchenlg[1] dramatically.  …

…   “Chen explains that when powered by renewable energy sources such as wind- or solar-based technologies, the generation of hydrogen from the electrolysis of water produces a high-energy-density mobile energy carrier without any associated carbon dioxide emissions.

At low temperatures, this water-splitting process can take place in a variety of electrochemical devices …”   …

Via University of Delaware: Hydrogen Production.

Jingguang Chen Research Program.

Research Group.

November 02, 2010

Bio Route to Hydrogen Fuel through Bacteria, Biomass, and Solar

Can bacteria power the hydrogen economy?  University of Washington professor will explore the opportunity and insights from research projects at this local lecture.  …

…   “Caroline Harwood, a distinguished microbiologist at the University of Wisconsin, will discuss microbial production of hydrogen gas as a biofuel in a lecture at UC Santa Cruz on Tuesday, November 9, from noon to 1 p.m. in Room 240, Physical Sciences Building. ”   …

Via University of California at Santa Cruz: Bioenergy Lecture.

July 19, 2010

Biochemical Hydrogen Factory

Boston University’s Sean Elliott is researching a biochemical pathway to hydrogen fuel using bacteria-based red blood cells.  By combining light-sensitive pigments with hydrogen-producing proteins, bacteria could produce hydrogen through exposure toProfessor Sean Elliott the sun.  …

…   “If they can make it work, the researchers hope to apply sunlight to induce chemical reactions in the pigments that will enable the microbes to produce hydrogen, an environmentally benign fuel. ”   …

Via Boston University: Blood used for Hydrogen Manufacturing (Link).

May 27, 2010

Coachella Hydrogen Bus Infrastructure

EPA recognizes local communities, like Coachella, for their initiatives targeting at clean air.  Coachella began the build-out of its hydrogen infrastructure.  …

…   “SunLine Transit Agency was the first transit agency to own and operate a hydrogen generation and dispensing station, operating five generations of hydrogen buses that utilize the fuel station. With the support of state and federal agencies, SunLine upgraded the hydrogen station to also allow the public and outside fleets to purchase hydrogen 24 hours a day.”   …

Via EPA: Clean Air Initiatives (Link).

Coachella area alternative fueling station.


Hydrogen bus infrastructure

May 06, 2010

Catalyst for the hydrogen economy

Berkeley Lab researchers have developed catalyst that splits water into hydrogen and oxygen more efficiently. ...
... "The catalyst requires no additional organic additives or solvents, can operate in neutral water (even if it's dirty) and works with sea water -- meaning we could literally be looking at oceans of cheap energy. " ...
Via Popular Science: Cheap New Metal Catalyst

Continue reading "Catalyst for the hydrogen economy" »

August 26, 2009

Hydrogen Storage H-Prize Planned

Department of Energy plans H-Prize competition to improve hydrogen storage. ...
... "DOE is announcing the Initial H-Prize Competition which will be a single award for $1 million in the subject area of advanced materials for hydrogen storage - a critical challenge to enable widespread commercialization of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. " ...
Via Federal Register: Initial H-Prize Competition for Breakthrough Advances in Materials for Hydrogen Storage (PDF)

July 09, 2009

Urine Power through Hydrogen

Ohio University researches fuel cells that could be powered from the hydrogen in urine. ...
... "Using a nickel-based electrode, the scientists can create large amounts of cheap hydrogen from urine ... " ...
Via Discovery News: Urine

Continue reading "Urine Power through Hydrogen" »

February 08, 2009

Renewable Energy World Conference - March 10 - 12: Las Vegas

Renewable Energy World Conference & Expo North America logo

The 6th Renewable Energy World Conference is March 10 - 12 in Las Vegas, Nevada. 

 " ... Renewable Energy World Conference & Expo North America (formerly POWER-GEN Renewable Energy & Fuels) ... now in its 6th year ... offers a worldwide audience who will hear papers, panel discussions and presentations during technical sessions related to technology, markets, business strategies and policy covering the wind, solar, biomass, hydro, geothermal, ocean/tidal/wave, bio-power, bio-fuels hydrogen and energy sectors. ... Connecting 5,000 renewable energy power professionals with 300 exhibitors for three days of networking, new business negotiation and the exchange of important ideas and information impacting the renewable energy industry today.

Listen to why YOU should attend ... .

Via: Renewable Energy World Conference & Expo North America Link

January 11, 2009

HHO Fuel Cell Demo

Continue reading "HHO Fuel Cell Demo" »

October 27, 2008

BNSF to Develope Hydrogen Locomotive

 BNSF logo

You have probably heard the ads that trains can carry a ton of flocomotive ready for conversion to fuel cellsreight significantly further per gallon of fuel than a truck.

Did you know that BNSF is developing a hydrogen locomotive?  Read on for more >>>   

"BNSF Railway Company and Vehicle Projects LLC ... are developing an experimental hydrogen fuel cell switch locomotive. ...could serve as a mobile backup power source for military and civilian disaster relief efforts.


Continue reading "BNSF to Develope Hydrogen Locomotive" »

August 27, 2008

Mass Production Hydrogen Cars Cross the US

Hydrogen fuel cells promise pollution free cars ... However the infrastructure is far, far from being robust enough for everyday use .... much less a cross country drive by the average motorist. Nonetheless ... the recent US crossing is an interesting story and a step in the right direction. "Hydrogen fuel cell cars from nine automakers completed a 13-day cross-country trip this weekend [Aug 25rh, 2008] , in the first such mass U.S. crossing for vehicles powered by a zero-emission technology still in its infancy." " ... from Portland, Maine, to the Los Angeles Coliseum, ... were stretches without hydrogen fueling stations when the vehicles were carried on flatbed trucks, the longest from Rolla, Missouri, to Albuquerque, New Mexico." Today there are " ... about 60 hydrogen stations in the United States, and only two are open to the public without prior arrangement." Click LINK for details of H2 Fueling stations. Via: Reuters Link

Continue reading "Mass Production Hydrogen Cars Cross the US" »

July 10, 2008

Honda Hydrogen Infrastructure

Honda home eneryy station

One of the factors needed for H2 powered cars is the H2 Infrastructure ... something along the lines of today's gasoline / diesel stations. v After all without a way to  get H2 there is not much sense in a H2 powered car ...

Honda has an idea to  help this along ... "...experience in the development of power stations ... as well as experience with home-refueled electric and natural gas vehicles. ... a natural next step ... to explore potential solutions to the hydrogen refueling ..."Honda logo

Via:  Honda  Link

July 01, 2008

Honda FCX Clarity - First Mass Production Fuel Cell Car

Honda LogoHonda's Clarity is slated to be the first hydrogen powered car to be mass produced.

Fuel cells are not new .... though they are relatively a new idea for cars ... one lingering problem is the INFRASTRUCTURE needed to make these cars viable.  Read on for more about this as well >>>

How do Fuel Cells work and what are their advantages ... Read on for more >>> 

" ...hydrogen fuel cell produces electricity ... electricity then powers the electric motor, which in turn drives the front wheels. Water vapor and heat are the only byproducts."
The fuel cell is in the purple circle in the car shown to the right >>
The more technical details ....
" ... Hydrogen fuel is fed into the anode of the fuel cell. ... hydrogen molecules are split into electrons and protons. ...Electrons are channeled through a circuit to produce electricity. ...Protons pass through the polymer electrolyte membrane. ...Oxygen ... enters the cathode and combines with the electrons and protons to form water. ...water vapor and heat are released as byproducts of this reaction."

Via:  Honda  Link

Continue reading "Honda FCX Clarity - First Mass Production Fuel Cell Car" »

June 16, 2008

Zero Emission Vehicles

Honda Motor announces five of its first customers for the new FCX Clarity. This hydrogen fuel cell-powered vehicle will be sold and serviced via the first fuel cell vehicle dealership network in the United States. The new vehicle will be produced at a dedicated fuel cell vehicle manufacturing facility in Japan. ...
... "To provide its customers with outstanding sales and service support and as a critical step in advancing fuel cell vehicles in the real world, American Honda announced the establishment of the first network of dealers to facilitate the sales and service of fuel cell vehicles. The three Southern California Honda dealers are Power Honda Costa Mesa (Costa Mesa), Honda of Santa Monica (Santa Monica) and Scott Robinson Honda (Torrance). " ...
Via Honda: First Fuel Cell Vehicle Dealership Network

Continue reading "Zero Emission Vehicles" »

April 17, 2008

Egg Shells Help Make Hydrogen Fuel

Ohio State University LogoOhio State University engineers have developed a process that can use egg shells to (used of course) into Hydrogen Fuel.

How?  Read on for more ...

" ... patented process uses eggshells to soak up carbon dioxide from a reaction that produces hydrogen fuel. ... also includes a unique method for peeling the collagen-containing membrane from the inside of the shells, so that the collagen can be used commercially."L.S. Fan - OSU Professor of Chemical  and  Biomolecular Engineering

" ... L.S. Fan ... and Mahesh Iyer, hit upon the idea when they were trying to improve a method of hydrogen production...[where] ...  fossil fuels such as coal are gasified to produce carbon monoxide gas, which then combines with water to produce carbon dioxide and hydrogen."

"The key to making pure hydrogen is separating out the carbon dioxide,"

"Calcium carbonate –- a key ingredient in the eggshells -- captures 78 percent of carbon dioxide by weight,  ... That makes it the most effective carbon dioxide absorber ever tested."

"Eggshell alone may not be adequate to produce hydrogen for the whole country, but at least we can use eggshell in a better way compared to dumping it as organic waste in landfills, where companies have to pay up to $40 dollars per ton disposal cost," he said.

"And in the long term, we're demonstrating that carbon-based fuel sources, like coal or biomass, can be efficiently converted to hydrogen and liquid fuel. The goal is an energy conversion system that uses a dependable fossil energy source, but at the same time has very little environmental impact."

Via:  Ohio State University  

Continue reading "Egg Shells Help Make Hydrogen Fuel" »

February 05, 2008

Honda FCX Clarity Hydrogen Car

Honda showcases the FCX Clarity hydrogen car in the context of its "problem playground", where solving today's energy challenges with hybrid engines, more efficient solar photovoltaic panels, and hydrogen fuel cells are fun solutions to playful problems. ...

July 10, 2007

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Poised For Land Speed Competition

Ford will attempt world land speed record using its hydrogen fuel cell powered Ford Fusion at the Bonneville Salt Flats this August. ... Ford Fusion Hydrogen
... "The Ford Fusion Hydrogen 999 fuel cell car - a collaboratively engineered racer with Ballard, Roush and Ohio State University - is one of two vehicles Ford's fuel cell research team is helping prepare to set world land speed records. Ford researchers also are working with Ohio State University student engineers on its Buckeye Bullet 2, a fuel cell-powered racer that will compete for a similar world record in the unlimited class category. " ...

Via Ford Motor Company: Racer To Attempt Speed Record For Fuel Cell-Powered Vehicle

Bonneville Salt Flats

May 30, 2007

Sequel Hydrogen Power: Renewable Energy Lifecycle

Chevy Sequel fuel cell vehicle reaches 300 miles without refueling. ...
... "Three hundred miles on the road and the only thing that came out of the tailpipe Chevy Sequel Hydrogen Fuels Cell Carwas pure water. In addition, the hydrogen used to power the Sequel, was derived from hydropower at Niagara Falls - a clean, renewable resource. This means that the entire process - from the creation of the hydrogen to the use of the fuel in the vehicle - was virtually carbon dioxide free. " ...

Via GM FastLane Blog: 300 Miles ... and Counting


May 28, 2007

Hydrogen Power Tech: GE-BP Align

GE will apply its gasification and turbine technology to the development of five hydrogen power plants, based on petroleum coke or bituminous coal feedstock. This type of hydrogen project converts coal or natural gas into hydrogen and carbon dioxide gas. The gas is used to generate electric power from turbines in a power plant. The by-product carbon dioxide is captured and stored underground in deep geological formations. 90 percent of the carbon dioxide in the fuel gas is captured so that it does not enter the atmosphere. ...
... "GE and BP’s global alliance will work to facilitate the development, demonstration and full integration of gasification and power generation technology into hydrogen power projects. These projects combine power generation from fossil fuels with carbon capture and storage to deliver commercial-scale power generation with 90 percent of the carbon in the fuel - which otherwise would have been emitted to the atmosphere as carbon dioxide - captured and permanently stored deep underground. In some cases, injection of captured carbon dioxide into oil reservoirs for storage also may result in the production of otherwise unrecoverable oil. For these enhanced oil recovery applications, the carbon dioxide has significant value, which helps make carbon capture and storage economically viable. For hydrogen power projects to be able to compete effectively in the electricity market, they would require appropriate policy support and a regulatory environment that recognizes and encourages the low-carbon benefits they can deliver. " ...

Via General Electric: Alliance to Develop and Deploy Hydrogen Power Technologies


May 27, 2007

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Honda FCX

Honda has expanded hydrogen storage capacity with a hydrogen absorption material in the FCX tank, which doubles capacity to 5 kg of hydrogen at 5000 PSI. The capacity increase extends cruising range to 350 miles. The range is equivalent to that of a gasoline-engine car. ... Honda FCX, Powered by Hydrogen Fuel Cells
... "Oxygen and hydrogen flow from the top to the bottom of the fuel cell stack (vertical gas flow) and the fuel cells are arranged vertically in the center tunnel (vertebral layout) for new, high-efficiency fuel cell packaging (volume efficiency). Compact enough to fit neatly into the center tunnel but robust enough to put out 100kW of power, Honda's V Flow fuel cell stack offers space efficiency and high-energy output. The key to fuel cell performance is water management; Honda's new system takes full advantage of gravity to efficiently discharge water formed during electricity generation. This improves performance in sub-zero temperatures, further solving the problem of cold-weather startup that has been a key obstacle to the commercialization of FCV's. " ...

Via Honda: Honda FCX Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle


March 20, 2007

Chevrolet Sequel Concept Discussed

Chevy Sequel discussed by Dr. Lars Peter Thiesen, GM Europe Manager of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Deployment Strategy, in this video. ...

March 17, 2007

Zero Energy Bill Achieved in NJ

NJ engineer uses solar energy and hydrogen fuel cells to lower energy bill to zero, with help from state grants.  He has proven that a zero carbon footprint is possible and will work to commercialize his approach through lower-cost technology.  ...
... "Strizki understands that few people can afford to pay hundreds of thousands of dollars for clean energy. Now that he's demonstrated his idea works, his goal is to make the system better and less expensive. " ...

Via CBS News: NJ Zero Energy Bill


March 04, 2007

Hydrogen Engine Europe Collaboration

Europe invests $5MM Euros in the HyICE hydrogen engine technology program. The program is a successful European collaboration between BMW Forschung und Technik, ANSYS, Irion Management Consulting, MECEL, Universitat der Bundeswehr, Technical University of Graz, MAN Nutzfahrzeuge, Institut Francais du Petrole, Ford Forschungszentrum, Volvo Technology Corporation and Hoerbiger. ...
... "The Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine (HyICE) project has tested ways to HyICE Hydrogen Engine Research in Europemake hydrogen-fuelled engines that are as efficient as current diesel engines, yet non-polluting, and with little or no trade-off in terms of engine size and power. These hydrogen-fed engines offer clear advantages over current generation engines and promise to compete with other propulsion systems in terms of performance and cost. The project members from the automobile industry, supplier companies and universities developed innovative fuel-injection concepts for engines for passenger cars as well as for trucks and buses. European hydrogen experts involved in HyICE regularly shared their findings with researchers from Department of Energy laboratories and universities in the US. " ...

Via Europa: Hydrogen Engine Research in Europe


October 09, 2006

European Hydrogen Bus Initiative

Collaboration planned throughout Europe and Canada to procure and pilot hydrogen-fueled buses. There are a number of initiatives planned or underway to understand how hydrogen fuel and the underlying infrastructure could operate.  ...
... "Six cities and regions in Europe and Canada are joining forces with the aim of Hydrogen Bus Projectbuying environmentally friendly zero-emissions hydrogen-powered buses. Today's decision to go ahead with this international alliance was taken by the partners after the successful completion of the major EU-assisted hydrogen and fuel cell bus project CUTE (Clean Urban Transport for Europe). The European Commission fully supports this initiative as it sends a strong signal to the suppliers of hydrogen powered buses that potential markets exist for this new technology. " ...
Via Europa European Commission: Purchasing zero emissions hydrogen-powered buses

Hydrogen Economy: AirProducts Mobile Refueling

Air Products is a company that is well-positioned to fuel the hydrogen economy. ...
... "The Air Products mobile hydrogen fueler comes complete with fueling storage and dispensing, and can be transported from location to location to provide hydrogen fueling for promotional demonstrations or remote endurance testing. The fueler can be remotely monitored and is designed to ensure daily, around-the-clock hydrogen vehicle fueling availability. There are currently 15 Air Products mobile hydrogen fuelers operating in the United States and worldwide today. " ...
Air Products' Mobile Hydrogen Fueler Powering California Road Rally Participants ...

October 04, 2006

Hydrogen-Fueled Vehicles from HydroPower: New York Invests ...

Governor George Pataki discusses New York's plan for one of the largest hydrogen demonstration projects.  This investment of $21 million will use hydropower to produce clean-burning, hydorgen gas to fuel nonpolluting hydrogen vehicles.  The investment will deliver hydrogen generating Governor Pataki has a green agenda that includes biofuels and hydrogen powerstations and the hydrogen-fueled vehicles.  The hydropower-to-hydrogen initiative, planned for Western New York, will spur development of green technology jobs for the region. ...

...   "The hydropower-to-hydrogen project, which is expected to serve a number of hydrogen-fueled work and passenger vehicles and transit buses, corresponds with the New York State Hydrogen Roadmap, a strategic blueprint developed under Governor Pataki's direction for positioning New York State at the forefront of hydrogen research and development efforts nationwide. The document reflects a coordinated effort by the New York Power Authority (NYPA), the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), and the Long Island Power Authority (LIPA), and includes hydrogen education and outreach, hydrogen codes and standards review, and research and development in the areas of hydrogen production, storage, distribution and utilization.

NYPA's Trustees authorized up to $21 million for the hydropower-to-hydrogen initiative, with potential sites at Niagara Falls State Park and at Western New York locations operated by the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority (NFTA). Various Niagara Falls State Parkother state and federal government organizations and corporations are also expected to partner in the pioneering project, with hydrogen production anticipated by the end of 2007.  The NYPA board's action followed an engineering feasibility study earlier this year by the Power Authority and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), for determining the size of the electrolysis units for producing hydrogen and the possible vehicle demonstration models for the initiative, with fuel cells and other hydrogen engines.  When fully implemented within three years, the demonstration project, consisting of two hydrogen generation stations, plus storage and fueling facilities, will be producing up to 120 kilograms (kg) per day of the clean-burning fuel. (One kg of hydrogen has the energy equivalent of approximately one gallon of gasoline.)  The hydrogen generation and fueling stations will use up to 700 kw of hydropower. The Power Authority would provide the hydropower from its Niagara Power Project to the NFTA, which is authorized to receive NYPA allocations under state law.  The hydrogen generation stations will cost approximately $7.5 million, including infrastructure upgrades and educational displays. An additional investment of $13.5 million is required for the hydrogen-fueled vehicles. "   ...