October 03, 2012

Apple's Very Green Data Center

Apple’s new data center in Maiden, NC is green by design.  It has a white roof to reduce cooling needs and sourced a significant amount of the materials locally.

60% of the power needed will be generated onsite from solar arrays and fuel cells.  The remainder will come from the grid but will be from renewable sources making the site “ … the most environmentally sound data center ever built.”

The combined output of the solar arrays and fuel cells is 124 million kWh – the amount of energy needed for almost 10,900 homes.

Via:  Apple  LINK

October 01, 2012

Boeing's ecoDemonstrator 737-800

Boeings ecoDemonstrator, a 737-800, is a test bed for new technologies.  Partnering with American Airlines they are exploring possible new technologies such as “… variable area fan nozzles … and adaptive trailing edge technology that changes the shape of the wings, making them more aerodynamic based on where the plane is in flight …”  Details are explained in the video from Boeing below …

Goals are to explore way lessen the environmental impacts such as carbon footprint,  fuel efficiency and noise.

The plane is on loan to Boeing and will be returned to revenue service / configuration later in 2012.



Via:  Boeing  LINK and co.exist LINK

June 14, 2011

ClearEdge fuel cells will be deployed in pilot

Fuel cell pilot program is funded by DOE

U.S. Department of Energy is funding a pilot program to enable the deployment of fuel cells. 

The grant will allow ClearEdge Power to install approximately 40 of its fuel cells in 10 different business locations, while the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory measures the cell performance over the next five years.  …ClearEdge Power Fuel Cells

…   “The ClearEdge5 system is compact – a little larger than a typical home’s refrigerator.

It is fueled by natural gas from existing, conventional pipelines.

Inside the fuel cell system, natural gas is chemically broken down into a hydrogen-rich gas that reacts with oxygen in the air to form energy, producing electricity with heat as a byproduct.

The electricity produced by the fuel cell is used to power the building.”   …

Via ClearEdge Power: Fuel Cell Deployment Grant.

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Fuel Cells.

Bloom Energy Fuel Cells.

EERE Fuel Cell Technology Program.

DOE Funding Opportunities for Fuel Cell Research.

March 29, 2011

Artificial leaf uses solar to generate hydrogen for fuel cell power

Artificial leaf generates power from solar photosynthesis

MIT researcher Daniel Nocera discusses the results of his team’s artificial leaf at the 241st National Meeting of the American Chemical Society.  The research team has created an advanced solar cell, based on bio-mimicry of the photosynthesis process used by plants. 

The leaf-like cell chemically splits water into hydrogen and oxygen for storage in a fuel cell for supplying power needs.  The Nocera solar leaf is constructed of inexpensive nickel and cobalt catalysts and material. 

The chemical reaction does not require extreme conditions of temperature or pressure to achieve its photosynthesis efficiency.  Nocera’s team will continue to seek methods to increase the solar conversion efficiency.  …

…   “The device bears no resemblance to Mother Nature's counterparts on oaks, maples and other green plants, which scientists have used as the model for their efforts to develop this new genre of solar cells.

About the shape of a poker card but thinner, the device is fashioned from silicon, electronics and catalysts, substances that accelerate chemical reactions that otherwise would not occur, or would run slowly.

Placed in a single gallon of water in a bright sunlight, the device could produce enough electricity to supply a house in a developing country with electricity for a day, Nocera said.

It does so by splitting water into its two components, hydrogen and oxygen. 

The hydrogen and oxygen gases would be stored in a fuel cell, which uses those two materials to produce electricity, located either on top of the house or beside it.”  …

Via Eureka Alert: Artificial Leaves, ACS Press Release.

American Chemical Society Green Chemistry Institute.

Daniel Nocera at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Daniel Nocera research team.

Fuel cells.


Green Chemistry.

The hydrogen economy.

Biomimicry enables science to emulate nature

February 21, 2011

Solar powers hydrogen fuel cell

Penn State research explores the production of hydrogen from fuel cells using light and solar photosynthesis.  The research efforts are focusing on overcoming technical barriers to efficient hydrogen production, by varying materials light wavelengths, etc.  …

…   “While some researchers have used solar cells to make electricity or use concentrated solar heat to split water, Mallouk's process uses the energy in blue light directly.

So far, it is much less efficient than other solar energy conversion technologies.”   …

Via Penn State Univ: Photosynthesis.

February 05, 2011

Green Banking from First National Bank of Omaha


The First National Bank of Omaha (Nebraska) has as green focus.  They have a fuel cell powered data center that is a GHG free power source.  They also offer paperless / online banking which can reduce your impact on the environment.

Thinking of switching to paperless banking?  Know what the environmental impact is … ?

Did you know that by switching to paperless / electronic banking the average US household can ovoid using and wasting “ … 6.6 pounds of paper and avoid producing 171 pounds of greenhouse gas emissions … equivalent of not driving 169 miles, consuming 8.8 gallons of gas or preserving 24 square feet of forestland.”


Via:  First National Bank Omaha  LINK

December 02, 2010

Zero Tailpipe Emission Hybrid Electric Bus Uses Dual Batteries

piloted by GE research team.  The team integrates a high-energy density sodium battery with a high-power lithium battery into a dual power system to optimize performance for acceleration and range.  …

…   “While significant advances in battery technology have been made, further reductions in the size and cost of batteries will be needed to enable the widespread adoption of electric vehicles.

GE researchers believe a dual system with high power and energy storage capacity could achieve the optimal electric driving range and acceleration requirements at a more practical size scale and cost for larger vehicles.

The research is being done as part of a $13 million research project GE is engaged in with the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) and Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium, funded under the National Fuel Cell Bus Program. ”   …

GE Hybrid Systems Team.

Research at GE.

National Fuel Cell Bus Program (PDF).

A view of fuel cell bus use in United States bus fleets (PDF).

GE hybrid electric bus

August 09, 2010

Hydrogen taxi deploys fuel cell for London Olympics

Lotus demonstrates hydrogen fuel cell powered taxi cab that will deliver zero-emissions and be ready to serve visitors at the London Olympic games.  …

…   “It is a hydrogen-powered London cab, developed to showcase zero exhaust emission vehicles during the 2012 London Olympics.”   …

Via BBC: Lotus Hydrogen Taxi.

June 17, 2010

Wallenius Lines Test Fuel Cell for Auxiliary Ship Power

walleniuslines logo

 Wallenius Lines, a Swedish owned car carrier vessel is testing a fuel cell for auxiliary power.  Fuel cells are clean power sources - in this case fueled by methanol (alcohol).  Wallenius Lines has a major commitment to being green (using non toxic paint to reduce barnacle drag, handling bilge water carefully, reducing impact overall, etc.) and this is the next step in the journey.fuel cell

"Wärtsilä’s WFC20 fuel cell ... onboard the ’Undine’,  ... is the first of its kind in the world ... during the test period provide auxiliary power to the vessel while producing close to zero emissions...."

Methanol can be made from biomass so can be a renewable fuel ... in addition to providing clean power.  The trails started in May 2010 and extend until November 2010.


Via:  Wallenius Lines  LINK

May 25, 2010

Wegman's Uses Green Fuel Cell Powered Pallet Trucks

fuel cell powered forklift

" ... Wegmans, a supermarket chain ... launched a fleet of 50 hydrogen fuel cell-powered pallet trucks using Air Products’ (NYSE: APD) ... technology at its Pottsville, Pa. warehouse ... the first commercial site in Pennsylvania ... using hydrogen-powered material handling equipment."

" ... environmental benefits ... Because hydrogen is the fuel source, heat and water are the only byproducts.  ..."

" can be quickly refueled in less than five minutes, ... Wegmans hopes to convert its entire lift truck fleet at the Pottsville facility to hydrogen fuel cells over the next few years. ..."

"... fuel cell-powered equipment provides consistent power strength during use and does not experience decreased performance or wear down as traditional lead-acid battery units do ... fuel cell forklifts are not adversely impacted by temperature or by operating in coolers and freezers, ... fuel cell equipment is more environmentally friendly because it does not involve lead-acid battery storage and disposal issues."

Via:  Air Products and Chemicals  LINK

February 26, 2010

Bloom Energy Servers™ Fuel Cells

BloomEnergy logoBloomEnergy has announced a novel fuel cell and unlike typical fuel cells if does not require precious metal catalysts. Fuel cells are typcially "cleaner" than other power sources.

" ..  an innovative new fuel cell technology ... derived from a common sand-like powder ... technology is able to produce clean, reliable, affordable power,... practically anywhere,... from a wide range of renewable or traditional fuels."

" ... Energy Servers™ are among the most efficient energy generators on the planet; providing for significantly reduced electricity costs and dramatically lower greenhouse gas emissions ... "

" ... Originally called Ion America, Bloom Energy, was founded with the mission to make clean, reliable energy affordable for everyone on earth."

" ... After two years of successful field trials in Tennessee, California, and Alaska, to validate the technology, the first commercial (100kW) products were shipped to Google in July 2008."

" ... Bloom's Energy Servers have helped our customers generate millions of kWhs of electricity and eliminate millions of pounds of CO2 from the environment."


Via:  BloomEnergy LINK

February 24, 2010

Energy Server Modular Architecture is offered in Bloom Fuel Cell

Bloom Energy fuel cell is launched and is based on a solid oxide electro-chemistry. The energy server is sized into a module that can be scaled to meet commercial power requirements. ...
... "The Bloom Energy Server is distinct in four primary ways: it uses lower cost materials, provides unmatched efficiency in converting fuel to electricity, has the ability to run on a wide range of renewable or traditional fuels, and is more easily deployed and maintained. Unlike traditional renewable energy technologies, like solar and wind, which are intermittent, Bloom’s technology can provide renewable power 24/7. Each Bloom Energy Server provides 100 kilowatts (kW) of power in roughly the footprint of a parking space. Each system generates enough power to meet the needs of approximately 100 average U.S. homes or a small office building. For more power, customers simply deploy multiple Energy Servers side by side." ...
Via Bloom Energy: Advanced Fuel Cell, PDF

Bloom Energy Servers are sized to provide 100kW of power.

Bloom Modular Architecture is build upon multiple stacks that are aggregated together into a power module.

Bloom Solid Oxide Fuel Cells are believed to hold the greatest potential of the various types of fuel cell technology.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, or SOFCs, are expected to be near 60% efficient at converting fuel to electricity and that can be higher in applications designed to capture and utilize the system's waste heat.

Continue reading "Energy Server Modular Architecture is offered in Bloom Fuel Cell" »

February 22, 2010

eBay Bloom Box fuel cell uses biogas

Bloom Box also installed in eBay using landfill bio-gas to generate power that exceeds amount generated by solar panel installations, via Cnet:

January 21, 2010

Fuel Cell to Power Connecticut Science Center

UTC Fuel Cell

"A 200kW UTC Power fuel cell ... at the new Connecticut Science Center in Hartford ... will generate 100 percent of the electricity demanded by the facility on an annual basis once operational ... will be the first such facility to generate most of its own energy on-site with ultra clean, quiet fuel cell power."United Technologies Logo


" ... reduce the burden on the New England power grid and its impact on the environment ... will prevent the release of more than 270 metric tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere annually by using the Model 200 PureCell® system rather than relying on a traditional fossil-fuel-burning powerplant ... one of the first fuel cell installations in the state to employ net metering, a process by which surplus power from the fuel cell is fed to the utility grid at night when the facility’s power demand is less."


Via: United Technologies Corp. LINK

January 18, 2010

Dedham Mass Whole Foods Powered by Fuel Cell

Dedham Mass Whole Foods

Fuel cells are making there way to a food store near you - if you live in Dedham, Mass.

" ... newest and largest Whole Foods Market in New England ... in Dedham, MA. ... the first store in Massachusetts to generate on-site power with fuel cell technology (one of the cleanest forms of energy)! 90% of our power will be generated by this fuel cell - this is sometUnited Technologies logohing that we are very proud of."

" ... powered by a 400-kilowatt UTC Power fuel cell and a rooftop solar installation that will generate most of the store’s power and all of its hot water needs ..."


Via:  Whole Foods LINK  and United Technologies LINK

December 11, 2009

Fuel Cell Powered Planes a Possibliity

Here is another example of military technology that will have significant civilian benefit ... in this case fuel cell powered unmanned drones (very small planes). "The Ion Tiger is small prop driven plane that promises to carry a five pound payload and stay aloft for more than 24 hours ... power source is series of hydrogen fuel cells that crank out 500 watt ... power the three quarter horsepower prop motor ..." "On Oct. 9-10, the 37-pound Ion Tiger stayed aloft for 23 hours and 17 minutes at the Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland, just missing its 24 hour goal ..." "... advantages to a hydrogen-powered craft like Ion Tiger ... cheaper and fuel (water!) and zero emissions assuming the hydrogen comes from a non-polluting source ... biggest advantage is the absence of heat and noise generated by an internal combustion engine which makes the Ion Tiger is hard to detect. " Check out the viedo below ... Via: SmartPlanet LINK

December 08, 2009

Matsushita - Home Fuel Cells Coming to Japan

Japan's Matsushita ... "will claim first place in the race to put commercial home fuel cells on the market ... "

" ... can optimally provide 70 percent of the energy needs for a 1,280 square foot house with four people ... can reduce energy consumption by 22 percent and CO2 emissions by 12 percent as compared to all other power sources ... ".

" ... cogeneration home fuel cell hooks up to the city’s natural gas lines, extracting hydrogen from the gas ... hydrogen is combined with oxygen through a series of polyelectrolyte membranes, a process that creates electricity, heat, and water ... home fuel cell produces between 500 watts and a 1 kilowatt of electricity and captures the heat to warm a tank of water, used for showers, dishes etc."

" ... a contribution to Japan’s goals of reducing global CO2 emissions 50 percent by 2050." " ... fuel cells require a great deal of energy; for example, this unit contains more than 2,000 components. Whether the production of the units negates the energy and CO2 savings gained by customers is unclear."

Check out this video ...


Via: Mother Nature Network LINK

November 25, 2009

Fuel Cell Transformation Research

University of California at Riverside chemical engineering professor will lead research into alternate chemistry for fuels cells that could be deployed in future automotive applications. ...
... "Yan’s ARPA-E project will develop a series of technologies to produce commercially viable high-performance Quaternary Phosponium (QP)-based HEMs with high hydroxide conductivity, outstanding alkaline-stability and suitable dimension-stability. The project will help the U.S. maintain its technological lead in developing and deploying advanced energy technologies. More specifically, the proposed fuel cell technology can be used to replace international combustion engines for powering vehicles, resulting in much-reduced or zero emissions. " ...
Via University of California, Riverside: Next-Generation Fuel Cell Research

Continue reading "Fuel Cell Transformation Research" »

July 09, 2009

Urine Power through Hydrogen

Ohio University researches fuel cells that could be powered from the hydrogen in urine. ...
... "Using a nickel-based electrode, the scientists can create large amounts of cheap hydrogen from urine ... " ...
Via Discovery News: Urine

Continue reading "Urine Power through Hydrogen" »

January 11, 2009

HHO Fuel Cell Demo

Continue reading "HHO Fuel Cell Demo" »

November 09, 2008

Solar Power Energy Storage

Storing power generated by solar photovoltaics is one of the challenges facing our transition to alternative energy. Fuel cells, batteries, molten salt are all viable alternatives being considered for this purpose. Caltech researchers are exploring the use of nano-rods to catalyze the fuel cell chemistry - splitting water. ...
... "But there’s a bigger problem. Even if we had all the cheap photovoltaics we could ever need, we can’t store electricity in large quantities - you either use it or lose it. " ...
Via Cal Tech: Quest for Catalysts, By Harry Gray

October 27, 2008

BNSF to Develope Hydrogen Locomotive

 BNSF logo

You have probably heard the ads that trains can carry a ton of flocomotive ready for conversion to fuel cellsreight significantly further per gallon of fuel than a truck.

Did you know that BNSF is developing a hydrogen locomotive?  Read on for more >>>   

"BNSF Railway Company and Vehicle Projects LLC ... are developing an experimental hydrogen fuel cell switch locomotive. ...could serve as a mobile backup power source for military and civilian disaster relief efforts.


Continue reading "BNSF to Develope Hydrogen Locomotive" »

October 11, 2008

Wearable Fuel Cell Winner

DuPont and Smart Fuel Cell AG win the U.S. Department of Defense Research and Engineering (DDR&E) $1 million Wearable Power Prize for their M-25 portable fuel cell, which integrates DuPont’s direct methanol fuel cell technology with SFC’s fuel cell system. ...
... "The M-25 design was modified to further reduce weight and extend performance. The M-25 standard design, when worn by soldiers in the field for extended missions, is up to 80 percent lighter than conventional power sources, yet capable of powering a wide range of soldier equipment, such as digital communication and navigation equipment. In addition to its light weight, the M-25 delivers quiet and continuous energy, and offers independent standalone functions such as remote area battery charging and power. The M-25 has the capability to revolutionize wearable portable power sources by extending soldier mission times to 72 hours or more. " ...
Via Dupont: $1 Million Wearable Power Prize Competition Winner

Continue reading "Wearable Fuel Cell Winner" »

July 31, 2008

Novel Catalyst Enables Solar Energy Fuel Cell Storage

MIT researchers develop catalyst that supports solar energy conversion of water into hydrogen and oxygen, enabling a fuel cell approach to energy storage. ...
... "Nocera and Matthew Kanan, a postdoctoral fellow in Nocera's lab, have developed an unprecedented process that will allow the sun's energy to be used to split water into hydrogen and oxygen gases. Later, the oxygen and hydrogen may be recombined inside a fuel cell, creating carbon-free electricity to power your house or your electric car, day or night. " ...
Via MIT: Solar revolution

July 01, 2008

Honda FCX Clarity - First Mass Production Fuel Cell Car

Honda LogoHonda's Clarity is slated to be the first hydrogen powered car to be mass produced.

Fuel cells are not new .... though they are relatively a new idea for cars ... one lingering problem is the INFRASTRUCTURE needed to make these cars viable.  Read on for more about this as well >>>

How do Fuel Cells work and what are their advantages ... Read on for more >>> 

" ...hydrogen fuel cell produces electricity ... electricity then powers the electric motor, which in turn drives the front wheels. Water vapor and heat are the only byproducts."
The fuel cell is in the purple circle in the car shown to the right >>
The more technical details ....
" ... Hydrogen fuel is fed into the anode of the fuel cell. ... hydrogen molecules are split into electrons and protons. ...Electrons are channeled through a circuit to produce electricity. ...Protons pass through the polymer electrolyte membrane. ...Oxygen ... enters the cathode and combines with the electrons and protons to form water. ...water vapor and heat are released as byproducts of this reaction."

Via:  Honda  Link

Continue reading "Honda FCX Clarity - First Mass Production Fuel Cell Car" »

June 16, 2008

Zero Emission Vehicles

Honda Motor announces five of its first customers for the new FCX Clarity. This hydrogen fuel cell-powered vehicle will be sold and serviced via the first fuel cell vehicle dealership network in the United States. The new vehicle will be produced at a dedicated fuel cell vehicle manufacturing facility in Japan. ...
... "To provide its customers with outstanding sales and service support and as a critical step in advancing fuel cell vehicles in the real world, American Honda announced the establishment of the first network of dealers to facilitate the sales and service of fuel cell vehicles. The three Southern California Honda dealers are Power Honda Costa Mesa (Costa Mesa), Honda of Santa Monica (Santa Monica) and Scott Robinson Honda (Torrance). " ...
Via Honda: First Fuel Cell Vehicle Dealership Network

Continue reading "Zero Emission Vehicles" »

June 06, 2008

Fuel Cell Kit for a Green Fathers Day

fuel cell kit

Want to help dad learn move about fuel cells ... and give a neat father's day gift? 

Then check this out >>>

" ... kit lets you build your own Fuel Cell car and then watch it travel across the room powered only by water. ..."

" ... also comes with experiments and demonstrations that you can do on your own, or with friends."

" ... can build your own experimental reversible fuel cell car to learn more about this energy source. ... learn how a reversible fuel cell works to perform electrolysis as well as to create energy. The electricity required to activate electrolysis is created with a large solar cell included with the kit. During electrolysis, water is separated into hydrogen and oxygen and the resulting energy is stored as a gas. When needed, the gas is fed into the fuel cell, which then serves as the power source."

Pretty Cool ... for the Green Dad in your family ...


Via:   Link

February 05, 2008

Honda FCX Clarity Hydrogen Car

Honda showcases the FCX Clarity hydrogen car in the context of its "problem playground", where solving today's energy challenges with hybrid engines, more efficient solar photovoltaic panels, and hydrogen fuel cells are fun solutions to playful problems. ...

January 23, 2008

Chevrolet Equinox "Fuel Cell" Wins Award


" ... Chevrolet Equinox Fuel Cell has received Green Car Journal's  ... Green Car Vision Award(TM), which honors the vehicle that best envisions the road ahead. ..."

"The Equinox ... is visionary on many levels," ... Powering a popular crossover model with a future fuel such as hydrogen, and doing so seamlessly with an efficient powerplant that creates no CO2 greenhouse gases, is exemplary and Chevrolet should be commended for this."

"An important element that weighed in the Equinox Fuel Cell's favor is the way in which GM is enabling consumers and fleets to experience its advanced hydrogen technology. Through "Project Driveway," the world's largest fuel cell demonstration fleet, more than 100 Chevrolet Equinox Fuel Cell vehicles will be driven by consumers and others for three months at a time in California, New York City, and Washington D.C."

Via: Sys-Con.Com  Link 

Continue reading "Chevrolet Equinox "Fuel Cell" Wins Award" »

November 14, 2007

New York Governor's Mansion Goes Green

 New York Governor's Mansion

"Silda Wall Spitzer, ... wants to turn the governor's mansion ... into a modern model of energy efficiency ... “Greening the Mansion” will cut its electrical energy consumption by 50% and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by panels

Highlights include:

* solar panels
* a fuel cell to  replace back up dielsel powered generator
* energy efficient appliances

Via:   Link


Continue reading "New York Governor's Mansion Goes Green" »

September 21, 2007

Ethanol Fuel Cell Research

Research project pursues use of ethanol in fuel cell ...

August 21, 2007

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Powers Data Center for Fujitsu

Fujitsu installs hydrogen fuel cell to power California data center. ... Fuel Cell
... "The hydrogen fuel cell installed on the Fujitsu Sunnyvale campus is the UTC Power PureCell Model 200 system, featuring ultra-low emissions. It meets the most stringent air emissions standards as set by the California Air Resources Board (CARB 07). Although it utilizes natural gas, it produces 35 percent less CO2 per megawatt-hour than the average fossil fuel-based power plant, and approximately 4,000 lbs per year less NOx, the equivalent of taking more than 100 average passenger cars off the road. The system has a low sound profile at 60 decibels at 30 feet, and emits no ozone-depleting fluorocarbons. Fujitsu America will also be contributing to water conservation. When compared to conventional power plants, a UTC Power PureCell Model 200 system will save at least 800,000 gallons of water per year. Over the 15-year life of the fuel cell system, Fujitsu will leave 12 million gallons of water untouched. " ...

Via FUJITSU United States: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Power


July 18, 2007

Fuel Cell Flight Project

Georgia Tech performs research into fuel cells in aviation. The research team has vetted designs, built prototype, and conducted trials to expand knowledge in this space. ... Georgia Tech Fuel Cell Airplane Tests
... "Custom fuel cell stack structure, compressors, hydrogen management system, control system and a custom carbon foam radiator were designed and implemented over the course of the low-level fuel cell design and integration task. " ...

Via Georgia Tech: Fuel Cell Powered Flight Project


July 10, 2007

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Poised For Land Speed Competition

Ford will attempt world land speed record using its hydrogen fuel cell powered Ford Fusion at the Bonneville Salt Flats this August. ... Ford Fusion Hydrogen
... "The Ford Fusion Hydrogen 999 fuel cell car - a collaboratively engineered racer with Ballard, Roush and Ohio State University - is one of two vehicles Ford's fuel cell research team is helping prepare to set world land speed records. Ford researchers also are working with Ohio State University student engineers on its Buckeye Bullet 2, a fuel cell-powered racer that will compete for a similar world record in the unlimited class category. " ...

Via Ford Motor Company: Racer To Attempt Speed Record For Fuel Cell-Powered Vehicle

Bonneville Salt Flats

May 30, 2007

Sequel Hydrogen Power: Renewable Energy Lifecycle

Chevy Sequel fuel cell vehicle reaches 300 miles without refueling. ...
... "Three hundred miles on the road and the only thing that came out of the tailpipe Chevy Sequel Hydrogen Fuels Cell Carwas pure water. In addition, the hydrogen used to power the Sequel, was derived from hydropower at Niagara Falls - a clean, renewable resource. This means that the entire process - from the creation of the hydrogen to the use of the fuel in the vehicle - was virtually carbon dioxide free. " ...

Via GM FastLane Blog: 300 Miles ... and Counting


May 27, 2007

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Honda FCX

Honda has expanded hydrogen storage capacity with a hydrogen absorption material in the FCX tank, which doubles capacity to 5 kg of hydrogen at 5000 PSI. The capacity increase extends cruising range to 350 miles. The range is equivalent to that of a gasoline-engine car. ... Honda FCX, Powered by Hydrogen Fuel Cells
... "Oxygen and hydrogen flow from the top to the bottom of the fuel cell stack (vertical gas flow) and the fuel cells are arranged vertically in the center tunnel (vertebral layout) for new, high-efficiency fuel cell packaging (volume efficiency). Compact enough to fit neatly into the center tunnel but robust enough to put out 100kW of power, Honda's V Flow fuel cell stack offers space efficiency and high-energy output. The key to fuel cell performance is water management; Honda's new system takes full advantage of gravity to efficiently discharge water formed during electricity generation. This improves performance in sub-zero temperatures, further solving the problem of cold-weather startup that has been a key obstacle to the commercialization of FCV's. " ...

Via Honda: Honda FCX Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle


March 29, 2007

Boeing FuelCell Airplane

Boeing completes systems integration testing of its fuel cell airplane, complete with lightweight batteries, and moves to conduct experimental flight tests this year. ... Boeing fuel cell airplane will test in Spain
... "The Boeing demonstrator uses a Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell / lithium-ion battery hybrid system to power an electric motor, which is coupled to a conventional propeller. The fuel cell provides all power for the cruise phase of flight. During takeoff and climb, the flight segment that requires the most power, the system draws on lightweight lithium-ion batteries. Flight tests, which will take place in Spain, will demonstrate for the first time that a manned airplane can maintain a straight level flight with fuel cells as the only power source. " ...

Via Boeing: Boeing Prepares Fuel Cell Demonstrator Airplane for Ground and Flight Testing


March 07, 2007

Fuel Cell Bus Pilot at AC Transit: Promising Results

Alameda Contra-Costa Transit District (AC Transit), Oakland, California and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory have published preliminary results of its pilot of fuel-cell-powered transit Fuel Cell Technologybuses.  ...

Three fuel-cell transit buses were piloted at AC Transit starting in March 2006.  The fuel cell buses, by Van Hool, use ISE Corp's hybrid-electric propulsion systems, UTC Power's PureMotion fuel cell system, and ZEBRA sodium/nickel chloride batteries. The fuel cell buses were compared to six diesel buses, to establish a comparative baseline  for performance.  The fuel cell buses performed rather well, considering they are prototypes.  The pilot generated a number of learning's that will enable continuous improvements.  Over the course of the pilot, the fuel cell buses covered over 27,000 miles and operated for more than 2,300 total fuel cell system hours.

Preparing for the Pilot ...   First, AC Transit needed to design a station to provide hydrogen fuel for the buses.  AC Transit and Chevron Technology Ventures partnered to build the hydrogen energy station and retrofit an existing transit facility to support fuel-cell bus maintenance.  The energy station can produce 150 kg of hydrogen per day and store up to 370 kg of hydrogen. 

The Pilot Demonstrated These Observations ...   During the pilot, the fuel cell buses' average fuel economy was 5.50 miles per kg of hydrogen which is markedly better than the 4 miles per gallon performance of the diesel buses, used in the comparison.  Operating and maintenance costs show that the cost per mile for diesel buses is much better than fuel cell power ($0.58 vs $1.45 respectively).  This gap should narrow as the operation of fuel cell buses is optimized.  The fuel cell technology demonstrated lower parts costs and moderately higher labor hours.  Again, this is respectable performance for fuel-cell prototypes and maintenance staff early in the learning curve.

A number of technical issues were identified and remedied ...  ZEBRA batteries did not perform well Fuel cell bus at hydrogen energy stationand control algorithms need enhancement.  ISE Corp. is working on this.   Air conditioning is driven by electrical motors which had high failure rates.  In-pilot upgrades seem to have resolved this problem.   The UTC Power PureMotionTM 120 Fuel Cell Power System showed performance problems as high-current density.

Coming Next ...   The AC Transit pilot is continuing and another evaluation report is planned for end of 2007, which will extend the performance data bases for fuel cell transit buses.

Read the full pilot report: Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit) Fuel Cell Transit Buses: Preliminary Evaluation Results (in PDF format) ...


January 30, 2007

Honda FCX Fuel Cell Concept

Honda makes online video available for its FCX fuel cell concept. ... Honda Fuel Cell Concept Card
... "To meet Honda objectives for significant gains in both environmental and driving performance, the FCX Concept is equipped with a V Flow fuel cell platform consisting of a compact, high-efficiency fuel cell stack arranged in an innovative center-tunnel layout. This has allowed designers to create an elegant, low-riding, sedan form that would have been difficult to achieve in a conventional fuel cell vehicle. This new fuel cell stack is 20 percent smaller and 30 percent lighter than the current FCX FC Stack, yet its power output is 14kW greater. The drive motor has been positioned coaxially with the gearbox for a more compact design, with output increased by 15kW. Overall, the power plant is about 180kg lighter than that of the current FCX and about 40 percent smaller in volume. The result is improved energy efficiency and performance along with a more spacious interior. " ...

Via Honda Worldwide: Honda FCX Concept ...



January 23, 2007

Ford Edge FuelCell Hybrid Electric PlugIn

Ford introduces a Ford Edge with a fuel-cell hybrid electric plug-in that combines an onboard hydrogen fuel cell generator with lithium-ion batteries to deliver over 41 mpg with zero emissions. When parked, the vehicle can charge its batteries from a standard 110VAC outlet (plug-in capabilities). This vehicle leverages a flexible powertrain architecture that will support future fuel and propulsion flexibility through new technology as it develops without a vehicle redesign. ...
... "The new HySeries Drive powertrain featured in a Ford Edge uses a real-world version of the powerplant envisioned in the Ford Airstream concept unveiled earlier this month at the 2007 North American International Auto Show in Detroit. The HySeries Drive powertrain delivers a combined city/highway gasoline equivalent fuel economy rating of 41 mpg. For those who drive less than 50 miles each day, the Ford Edge Hybridaverage jumps to more than 80 mpg. The plug-in hybrid is powered by a 336-volt lithium-ion battery pack at all times. The vehicle drives the first 25 miles each day on stored electricity alone, after which the fuel cell begins operating to keep the battery pack charged. This provides another 200 miles of range for a total of 225 miles with zero emissions. Individual experiences will vary widely and can stretch out the time between fill-ups to more than 400 miles: drivers with modest daily needs would need to refuel only rarely, drivers who travel less than 50 miles each day will see fuel economy well over 80 mpg, while those with long daily commutes will see somewhat lower numbers as the fuel cell must run a larger fraction of the time. The Ford Edge with HySeries Drive can travel at speeds of up to 85 mph. An on-board charger (110/220 VAC) can refresh the battery pack when a standard home outlet is available, making the concept a true plug-in hybrid. When the battery pack is depleted to approximately 40 percent, the hydrogen fuel cell – supplied by Ford partner Ballard – automatically turns on and begins generating electricity to recharge the batteries. " ...

January 08, 2007

Ford Airstream Concept Car: Plug-In Hydrogen Fuel Cell

Ford and Airstream join forces to present a concept crossover car that operates in pure electric mode with the Ballard hydrogen fuel cell recharging its lithium-ion batteries to enable a total range of approximately 300 miles.  ...

... "The concept is powered by a plug-in hydrogen hybrid fuel cell drivetrain - called HySeries Drive - that operates under electric power at all times. This advanced fuel cell system is half the weight and cost of today’s fuel cells and can operate in the dead of winter. That's a major step forward because today's fuel cells don’t do well when the mercury dips below freezing. Ford Airstream Concept

The concept's bold, futuristic front-end explores a new look for Ford, encapsulating the single-surface grille and headlamps into the same graphic. Each of the concept's bold orange-trimmed window graphics is a unique shape.

The Ford Airstream Concept features a floating instrument panel with flush-mounted, touch-sensitive controls and a multi-function single gauge display provides the driver all primary information.  A Sharp dual-view screen centrally mounted on the instrument panel provides a camera view and secondary driver-oriented information, while allowing the front-seat passenger to view DVDs and post mobile blogs. The driver and front-seat passenger will navigate in style in modern, pod-shaped swiveling captain’s chairs that also rotate so they can easily socialize.

Tucked inside the cocoon-like lounge in the rear of the Ford Airstream Concept is the ultimate entertainment source – a 360-degree viewing screen. The focal point of the passenger area, this innovative screen can be viewed from every seating position in the car – even the front seats, when they swivel around toward the conversation pit.

The new HySeries Drive plug-in hydrogen fuel cell featured in the Ford Airstream Concept is more than a concept.  This powertrain is already on the road and driving in a Ford Edge prototype. Ford scientists and engineers created this vehicle with partial funding from the United States Department of Energy. The HySeries Drive delivers the combined city / highway equivalent fuel economy of 41 miles per gallon.  In this application, the fuel cell's sole function is to recharge the vehicle's lithium-ion battery pack as needed. This allows it to work like a portable generator, instead of an engine, as had been the case in previous Ford fuel cell vehicles. " ...


The Ford Airstream Concept was developed by the following team members, led by J Mays, group vice president – Design, and chief creative officer.  Peter Horbury, executive director - Design, The Americas,  Freeman Thomas, director - North America Strategic Design,  David Woodhouse - chief designer,  Kris Tomasson - chief designer,  Jordan Bennett - exterior design manager,  Matt Edwards - interior design manager


October 23, 2006

Hybrid Fuel Cell Bus: Zero-Emissions

GE Global Research will partner with the Federal Transit Administration, Ballard Power Systems and A123 Systems to develop a zero-emissions hybrid fuel cell bus. The partnership is funded by the U.S. Federal Transit Administration, as part of its hydrogen fuel cell bus research and development program. GE and its industry partners will invest half of the funding for the project. ...
... "It is expected that the hybrid fuel cell bus being designed and built will be completely emissions free, have a range of 200 miles with accessories operating, and an improved fuel cell life and cost. The focus of the research partnership will be to reduce fuel cell power requirements and improve energy storage technologies, which would help to increase the commercial viability of the technology. Hydrogen fuel cells and electric vehicles offer a viable solution for zero-emission transit bus operation. Both are in use today, but come with high expense, complex infrastructures, and range limitations. GE's research effort will be aimed at reducing these costs to affordable levels. Beyond the transit bus, the technologies developed under this project could be leveraged to support other clean energy priorities. " ...

Via GE: GE Announces $13 Million Research Partnership to Develop a Battery Dominant, Zero Emissions Hybrid Fuel Cell Bus ...


September 21, 2006

GM Hydrogen Fuel Cell

Bob Lutz discusses GM's fuel cell challenge with passion ...
... "Our goal is to be the first manufacturer to put 1 million fuel cell vehicles on the road — profitably — in the global automotive market. " ...
Via GM FastLane Blog: The “Moon Shot” | | Comments (0) | TrackBacks (0)

September 18, 2006

GM Fuel Cell Market Test ...

GM prepares market test of its hydrogen fuel cell Chevy Equinox vehicle, based upon its maturing propulsion system.  Its Project Driveway pilot will measure customer insights into the vehicle operation and the refueling experience in multiple test markets in the US.  ...Chevy Equinox

...   "GM will build more than 100 Chevrolet Equinox Fuel Cell vehicles and will begin placing them with customers in the fall of 2007, as part of a comprehensive deployment plan dubbed Project Driveway. Designed to gain comprehensive learnings on all aspects of the customer experience, Project Driveway constitutes the first meaningful market test of fuel cell vehicles anywhere. A variety of drivers – in differing driving environments – will operate these vehicles and refuel with hydrogen in three geographic areas: California, the New York metropolitan area and Washington D.C.

Enabled by GM's fourth-generation fuel cell propulsion system, the Equinox Fuel Cell is a fully-functional crossover vehicle, engineered for 50,000 miles of life. Importantly, the Equinox Fuel Cell is able to start and operate in sub-freezing temperatures during its 50,000-mile life. It is expected to meet all applicable 2007 U.S. Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, and is equipped with a long list of General Motors Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technologystandard safety features including driver and passenger frontal air bags and roof rail side-impact air bags; anti-lock braking system (ABS); StabiliTrak stability enhancement technology and OnStar, while providing all of the environmental benefits of hydrogen fuel cell technology.  The Project Driveway market test will provide comprehensive insight into all aspects of the customer experience, including reaction to the exciting, smooth and quiet performance of a fuel cell vehicle, and refueling with clean hydrogen gas. "   ...

Via General Motors: Chevrolet To Launch World's Largest Fuel Cell Vehicle Fleet ...


July 23, 2006

Truck Fuel Cell Reduces Emissions Idle Reduction: Modine ...

Modine Manufacturing Company introduces new fuel cell product that reduces emissions, sustains the environment, and lowers operating costs for truck drivers.  This fuel cell eliminates idling that occurs at truck rest stops, by providing drivers with an environmentally-friendly power source.  In addition, CO2 is used as the refrigerant in the cooling system.  ...  Modine fuel cell reduces truck idling ...  Picture courtesy of Modine Manufacturing Company.

...   "This new advanced idle reduction system (idle-off) incorporates high efficiency, zero emissions fuel cells, and uses carbon dioxide (CO2), an environmentally-friendly refrigerant, in the cooling. This new idle-off system can be used for both cooling and heating the sleeper cabin in a heavy-duty truck, creating multiple benefits for truck drivers and fleets.  More than half a million heavy-duty diesel trucks are on the road in the United States today. To comply with hours of service laws, long haul truck drivers must have an off duty period of 10 hours after driving 14 hours. If the driver desires to heat or cool the sleeping compartment during that time, the truck must be idled to provide a comfortable environment within the sleeper cab. The Department of Energy estimates that currently more than one billion gallons of fuel are consumed each year while trucks idle in these conditions.

The new CO2 air-conditioning and heating system was designed internally by Modine at its research and development facility in Racine, Wisconsin. CO2 is an environmentally friendly refrigerant with zero Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) and zero net Global Warming Potential (GWP) as defined by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Kyoto Protocol, which is an amendment assigning mandatory targets for nations around the world for the reduction of greenhouse gases. The unique properties of CO2 make it advantageous for both cooling and heating a vehicle. Using a CO2 heat pump to heat the cabin in cold weather conditions is more energy efficient than using other conventional heating products.  Modine sourced the fuel cell power pack from General Hydrogen Corporation. The fuel cell power pack uses hydrogen gas as the fuel with the only byproduct being water. It was specifically designed for a truck auxiliary power unit application to produce electrical energy continuously for more than 10 hours. The thermal management system was designed and built by Modine's fuel cell products group. "  ...

Truck Fuel Cell Reduces Emissions: Modine: Via Modine Manufacturing: Modine Introduces New Green Technology, with Fuel Cells and CO2, to Help Truckers Cut Emissions and Save Money ...

Idle reduction references ...

Department of Energy: Auxiliary Power Units: "Auxiliary power units (APUs) are portable, truck-mounted systems that can provide climate control and power for trucks without idling. These systems generally consist of a small internal combustion engine (usually diesel) equipped with a generator and heat recovery system to provide electricity and heat. "

Truck Stop Electrification: "TSE eliminates or greatly reduces prolonged idling by long haul trucks by providing electrical "shore" power for cab heating and air conditioning, by powering in-cab equipment such as TVs or engine block heaters, and powering trailer refrigeration units (reefers) carried by about 18% of long haul trucks. "

Idle reduction benefits ...

Benefits: Idle Reduction Benefits: "Reducing the idling time of heavy-duty trucks reduces petroleum consumption, fuel costs, engine wear and maintenance costs, diesel emissions, and noise. Argonne National Lab estimates that, based on the approximately 460,000 long-haul trucks currently operating in the United States, idle reduction technologies could reduce diesel fuel use by 838 million gallons per year. That wasted diesel fuel translates to $1.4 billion that could be saved by drivers using idle reduction technologies. "

Investments are being made to reduce truck idling, such as ...

The Climate Trust Fights Global Warming: Truckers Get a Cleaner, Healthier, and Quiet Night's Rest: "The Climate Trust has awarded funding to Shurepower, LLC to support the launch of a truck stop electrification network at truck stops in Oregon and Washington. The project will clean the air, reduce unnecessary fuel consumption, save truckers money, and help stop global warming.  Each night, thousands of truckers idle their diesel engines during government mandated rest periods to power heating, air conditioning, and appliances for their sleeper cabs. Unfortunately, engines running at idling speed also cause undue wear on machinery, emit harmful local and global air pollutants, and increase noise levels for drivers and neighboring communities. "

Modine is an innovator in green technology ...

Modine displays CO2 air-conditioning system at SAE Automotive Alternative Refrigerant Systems Symposium: "Modine installed the air-conditioning system on a BMW 328i car. The design goals were to demonstrate a fully functioning CO2 vehicular air-conditioning system with equal or better performance than the existing R-134a system, a lofty goal as the BMW is known to have a very high performance R-134a system, said Steve Memory, Manager of Heat-Transfer Research at Modine. R-134a is an interim substitute replacing CFC (chlorofluorocarbon) refrigerants, which are implicated in the destruction of the ozone layer. Modine's new heat exchangers had to be direct, drop-in replacements for the existing components, having the same size and volume. "

July 19, 2006

Toyota Fuel Cell Hybrid Bus Demonstration ...

Toyota will demonstrate its fuel cell system in a hybrid bus.  As background, the National Traffic Safety and Environment Laboratory, which conducts fuel cell application research, appealed to industry in January 2006 to find companies interested in public road-testing of fuel cell buses. TMC and Hino responded together and were selected to participate in this fuel cell demonstration program.  ...

...   "The effort is part of a fuel cell demonstration program of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry's (METI's) Japan Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Demonstration Project (JHFC) and is intended to provide TMC and others with data necessary for the commercialization of fuel cell hybrid buses.  Specifically, the FCHV-BUS (short for fuel cell hybrid vehicle – bus) will cover the entire Tokoname Bus Route, from the Chitahanda stop to the route's terminal Centrair stop, as well as a circular route on the airport's man-made island. 

The bus will be operated by Chitanoriai Co., Ltd. (Chitanoriai), with which TMC and Hino teamed up to operate the bus from March 9 to 22 around Centrair as part of the Fuel Cell Vehicle Practical Application Promotion Project of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (MLIT).  Furthermore, with the cooperation of Chubu Sky Support Co., Ltd. (CSS), two units of the FCHV-BUS will be used by CSS to shuttle passengers between Centrair's passenger terminal and airplanes on the tarmac.  The buses will be fueled at the JHFC Centrair Hydrogen Station, which will be set up within Centrair as part of the JHFC's Demonstration Study of Hydrogen Fueling Facilities for Fuel Cell Vehicles. FCHV Bus Hydrogen fuel cell ...

The FCHV-BUS features an electric-motor hybrid system powered by a battery and fuel cells supplied with high-pressure hydrogen gas.  During operation, it does not emit carbon dioxide, said to be a cause of global warming, or other atmospheric pollutants, such as nitrogen oxide; it is highly energy-efficient, as well as very quiet. "   ...

Toyota Fuel Cell Hybrid Bus Demonstration: Via Toyota: Toyota-Hino Fuel Cell Bus to Serve Centrair and Vicinity ...

April 14, 2006

Fuel Cell: Mass Transit Bus Applications ...

Fuel cell bus applications ...

 ...   "FTA is coordinating and working with industry to rationalize diverse efforts in hydrogen and fuel cell buses in order to accelerate their commercial viability, and to fuel cell bushelp accelerate the successful commercialization of hydrogen and fuel cell propulsion. Future efforts will focus on dramatically improving the energy efficiency, emissions, performance, and cost-effectiveness of the 40-foot heavy-duty transit bus, the most prevalent vehicle used by U.S. transit agencies. "   ...

Fuel Cell: Mass Transit Bus Applications: Via Federal Transit Administration: Fuel Cell Transit Bus: Fuel Cell Technology Development and Demonstration ...

 ...   "London is taking part in a pioneering project to reduce air pollution and noise by testing the first generation of zero-emission fuel cell buses. "   ...

Via London Transport: Fuel cell buses ...

 ...   "Georgetown University (GU) announces that a team led by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has won the contract to design, develop, and fabricate a fuel cell power plant operating on methanol as a subsystem for a next generation, heavy-duty transit bus. "   ...

Via Georgetown University: the Generation III Fuel Cell Bus project ...