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August 30, 2011

Alternative Energy "Stations" in Your Area




alternative energy service stations near Zip 19087Wondering if you can make a flex fuel or EV work for you?  Check out this US DOE app that tells you what alternative fuel sources are close to a given ZIP Code.

Near me – ZIP Code 19087 there are a few Compressed Natural Gas, Liquid Petroleum Gas, Ethanol, and Biodiesel stations.

Enter your ZIP Code by clicking the upside down triangle just to the right of the ENERGY.GOV logo (see screen shot above).

Clicking on the colored dots brings up a map (MAPQUEST) with enough info to find the fuel stop.

Note the large number of EV “Stations” near NYC.

 

 

Via:  US DOE  LINK

April 11, 2011

Gas prices make biofuels more competitive




and we need to make sure that the production of renewable fuels is efficient.  Codexis focuses on biofuel production through the commercialization of an effective catalyst.  …

…   “Codexis produces biocatalysts, which create ethanol faster and cleaner than traditional methods.”   …

Via Money Show: Rising Gas Prices.

Codexis Biocatalysis.

November 16, 2010

Celanese ethanol from coal




Celanese will invest in new manufacturing facilities to covert coal to ethanol for fuel.  …

…  “Celanese will build on methods it already uses in China to turn pulverized coal into acetic acid and related acetyls used in paints and plastics.”   …

Via Forbes: Celanese plans.

May 23, 2010

Amerigreen Gas Stations: E85 and other BioFuels




Amerigreen logo

While driving through Chester County, Pa to pick my son up from a camping trip I saw an Amerigreen gas station and thought I should check it out ... in addition to gas they sell diesel, propane and heating oil.  In addition to biodiesel and bio heating oil they have  E85.

"E85 Ethanol (85% ethanol, 15% gasoline) is a clean fuel with superior performance characteristics. It burns cleaner than gasoline, is renewable, and environmentally safer."

 "... we became one of the first oil companies in the United States to provide our customers with 100% North American made fuel--drilled, refined, and sold exclusively in North America. ..."

"In addition ... every gallon of our heating oil contains 5% soy oil, a renewable American farm product. ..."
 
" ... your heating oil and propane purchases will benefit the American economy, American jobs, ... we urge other energy companies to do the same. Because, ... it's simply the right thing to do...."
 

 

 

Via:  Amerigreen  LINK

January 02, 2010

Prince Charles Runs His Aston Martin on BioEthanol




Prince Charles in his Aston Martin

" ... Prince Charles, the U.K.'s version of Al Gore, has taken another step in a green direction: his 1970 Aston Martin DB6 has been converted to run entirely on bioethanol ... fuel ... made from a white wine produced near the prince's Highgrove Estate, itself a showcase for organic farming ..."

" ... goal of reducing emissions from his planes, trains, and automobiles 25% by 2018 ... European Union limits annual wine production, so any leftovers from England's current vintage can be converted to bioethanol by Green Fuels Ltd.... company has previously provided bioethanol to power the royal train. The prince's other vehicles, which include a smattering of Jaguars, a Range Rover, and an Audi, have been converted to run on bioethanol made from cooking oil...."


Via: RiverWired LINK

 

June 29, 2009

New Jersey Ethanol from Algae




Garden State Ethanol plans to use algae to power its ethanol production in NJ. ...
... "A company is looking at property for a plant that would turn algae into ethanol to be used as fuel. " ...
Via NJ dot com: Woobine NJ algae plant

March 24, 2009

Improve Biomass Conversion




Baylor chemistry professor Kevin Chambliss discusses the university's research efforts to improve the conversion of biomass into ethanol. Current investigations are funded by grants from the USDA and NREL. ...
... "These compounds could have two potential roles in the whole biomass to bio-fuel conversion. One is they could be inhibitors to enzymes or microbes that ultimately help us get to ethanol. If we could identify them and subsequently understand their role in inhibition and you could get around it, you could improve efficiency. " ...
Via Baylor University: Bio-fuel Research

March 11, 2009

Shell Partners with Codexis on BioFuel Research





Shell logo

"Royal Dutch Shell plc and Codexis, Inc. today [10-March-09] announced an expanded agreement to develop better enzymes that could accelerate commercialisation of next generation biofuels. ...Shell also increased its equity stake in Codexis ..."
Codexis logo
" ... enhance the efficiency of enzymes used in the Iogen cellulosic ethanol production process.  The world-leading Iogen demonstration plant in Ottawa, Canada currently produces hundreds of thousands of litres of cellulosic ethanol from agricultural residue, such as wheat straw. "

" ... aims to enhance the Iogen process and shorten the timeline to its full-scale commercial deployment. ..."

 

 Via:  Shell  Link

April 16, 2008

Ethanol Buses in UK




Green bus review ...

February 07, 2008

Saab 9-4X Optimized for Bio Fuels




Saab 9-4X BioPower Concept Car 

"... Saab 9-4X BioPower Concept demonstrates the potential ... a 2.0-liter, four-cylinder turbo engine optimized for bioethanol (E85) fuel to give 300 hp and 400 Nm (295 ft.lbs.) of torque - ..." saab logo

"... Its current BioPower models are the top-selling flex-fuel vehicles in Europe, ... offering both more power and producing less CO2 emissions when operating on E85 fuel compared to when fueled by only gasoline. ..."

"...  engine is optimized for E85 fuel (85% bioethanol, 15% gasoline) ..."

"Engine efficiency is also improved by the use of direct injection (DI) and continuously variable valve timing (VVT) on both the inlet and exhaust sides. ..."


Via:  SaabUSA.com  Link

November 20, 2007

E85 Viper Run




See Viper set speed record ...



Continue reading "E85 Viper Run" »

October 07, 2007

Pacific Ethanol Columbia Refinery Grand Opening




Pacific Ethanol opens its Columbia ethanol refinery in Boardman, Oregon. ... Pacific Ethanol's Columbia bio-refinery opens
... "Pacific Ethanol’s new 40 million gallon per year production facility in Boardman, provides ethanol to meet the current City of Portland’s Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS) and will help supply fuel for the implementation of Oregon’s upcoming RFS slated to begin January 1, 2008. In addition to supplying the Northwest fuel markets, the plant produces 350,000 tons of wet distillers grains, an important feed ingredient to Northwest dairy and beef producers. " ...

Via Pacific Ethanol: Commercial Operation for Oregon’s First Major Transport Fuel Refinery

 

September 12, 2007

GM E85 Days of Summer Tour




See General Motors' E85 ethanol-capable promotional tour in the Miami area. ...
... "Miami is one of seven stops on the E85 Days of Summer tour that runs through the end of this month. The Miami stop will coincide with the opening of South Florida’s first public E85 ethanol pump located at U-Gas, 210 Northwest 79th Avenue, in Miami. CleanFUEL Distribution will be the provider of E85 ethanol for the new pump. To celebrate the opening, GM and U-Gas will sell E85 ethanol for 85 cents per gallon from 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. on Thursday, September 13 and Friday, September 14. E85 ethanol regularly sells for about $2.55 a gallon. Additionally, the first 75 customers driving a GM FlexFuel E85-capable vehicle will receive a $20 U-Gas refueling card. Drivers of FlexFuel vehicles also will have the opportunity to have a yellow gas cap installed on their vehicle at no charge as a reminder that their vehicles are E85 capable. Stickers inside the fuel door and owner’s manuals also identify whether a vehicle has flex-fuel capability. Experts from GM and CleanFUEL Distribution will be on hand at the pump promotion to answer questions. " ...
Via General Motors: Days of Summer Tour
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Biofuel E85 Speed Record




Video of biofuel-powered Dodge Viper setting speed record. ...

August 21, 2007

New Zealand Produces Ethanol - From Milk




New Zealand Milk Ethanol 

Ethanol ... Alcohol made from ... Corn!

Ethanol ... Alcohol made from ... Milk?

Read on to learn more ...

"Fonterra, a New Zealand dairy cooperative, has started producing 30,000 liters of ethanol a day, which are being sold in Gull petrol stations around the country."Gull Force 10 BioFuel - Helen Clark at the Pump

"New Zealand has had quite a few successful eco-initiatives in the past, ... plan to be the first carbon-neutral country ...".

"They also set a national target of 3.4% biofuel content for gas and diesel by 2012."


Via:  AutoblogGreen   Link

July 17, 2007

Alabama E85




Alabama Governor Bob Riley celebrates new E85 fuel pump ...

June 10, 2007

Michigan E85 Ethanol at East Lansing




Governor Granholm is present for opening of E85 ethanol pump at station in East Lansing, Michigan. ... Michigan Governor Jennifer Granholm
... "Michigan continues to move aggressively to increase the production and use of ethanol and biodiesel fuels, which can have a tremendous impact on decreasing our dependence on foreign oil, Granholm said. It also can help create jobs and diversify our economy in the future. We're doing this one pump at a time, but this is part of a larger effort that is critical for our environment and our economic future. " ...

Via State of Michigan: Alternative Energy for Michigan's Economy, Launches Ethanol in East Lansing

 

May 20, 2007

Ethanol Production Implications




Recent study evaluates the impact of corn-based ethanol production on other markets. ...
... "If oil prices are permanently $10-per-barrel higher than assumed in the baseline projections, U.S. ethanol will expand significantly. The magnitude of the expansion will depend on the future makeup of the U.S. automobile fleet. If sufficient demand for E-85 from flex-fuel vehicles is available, corn-based ethanol production is projected to increase to over 30 billion gallons per year with the higher oil prices. " ...

Via CARD, The Center for Agricultural and Rural Development: Emerging Biofuels: Outlook of Effects on U.S. Grain, Oilseed, and Livestock Markets

 

March 31, 2007

Ethanol Fuels Corn Plantings




Farm acreage dedicated to corn planting is up 15% in 2007. ...
... "Expected corn acreage is up in nearly all states, due to favorable prices fueled by increased demand from ethanol producers as well as strong export sales. Illinois farmers intend to plant a record 12.9 million corn acres this spring, up 1.6 million acres - or 14.2 percent - from 2006. Record-high acreage is also expected in Minnesota, North Dakota, California and Idaho. Iowa continues to be the largest corn acreage state with 13.9 million acres, up 1.3 million acres - or 10.3 percent - from 2006. " ...

Via USDA: Corn Acres Expected to Soar in 2007

 

March 06, 2007

Biofuel Market Forecast: Ethanol Margins, Corn Prices




FAPRI provides forecast on the dynamics of the biofuel market. Corn prices are key to ethanol producer economics. Margins may be depressed if corn prices edge up as volume production eases Ethanol fuel prices may ease as production comes on-streamethanol market pricing. ...
... "The current outlook depends on the price of corn not becoming too high, removing profits from the ethanol plants. Baseline projections show ethanol production remains profitable; but increasing production and falling petroleum prices result in lower ethanol prices. Lower ethanol prices and higher corn prices squeeze projected margins for ethanol plants, eventually slowing growth in plant capacity. " ...

Via FAPRI-Missouri, Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute: 10-year outlook

 

February 27, 2007

Florida Renewable Energy Investments




Florida Lt. Governor Jeff Kottkamp announces the winners of Florida's renewable energy technologies grants. For example, Citrus Energy receives $2.5MM investment to enabled ethanol production from citrus waste biomass. Citrus Energy plans to build four-million-gallon-per-year Lt. Governor Jeff Kottkamp on renewable energy investments in Floridaethanol bio-refinery to transform citrus waste, abundant in Florida's agriculture, into a clean biofuel. ...
... "Through the 2006 Florida Energy Act, the Florida Legislature appropriated $15 million for renewable energy technologies grants to stimulate capital investment in the state and promote and enhance the statewide utilization of renewable energy technologies, including ethanol and bioenergy. The funding was awarded to eight organizations with at least $5 million to support bioenergy projects and $10 million for projects that generate or utilize other renewable energy resources, including hydrogen, biomass and solar energy. " ...

Via Florida Governor Charlie Crist: State Awards Grants for Renewable Energy Technologies

 

February 18, 2007

Farm Waste Forms Fuel Tank: Corn Has Dual Role




Researchers have developed carbon briquettes with nanopores that store natural gas at a extremely high density, 180X, and at low pressure, 1/7th of conventional tanks.  This research effort is aimed at enabling automobiles to run on methane, an abundant domestic fuel, as a cost-effective alternative to gasoline.  National Science Foundation's Partnerships for Corn's role in alternative energyInnovation program funded the research project with a $600,000 grant.  Corn's role in the alternative fuel economy would range from bioethanol production from corn kernels and natural-gas tanks from corncobs.   ...

... "The carbon briquettes contain networks of pores and channels that can hold methane at a high density without the cost of extreme compression, ultimately storing the fuel at a pressure of only 500 pounds per square inch, the pressure found in natural gas pipelines.

In addition to efforts to commercialize the technology, the researchers are now focusing on the next generation briquette, one that will store more natural gas and cost less to produce. Pfeifer believes this next generation of briquette might even hold promise for storing hydrogen. " ...

Via US National Science Foundation, NSF: Farm Waste to Fuel Tanks

 

February 13, 2007

BioEthanol Industry Consolidation




Diversa and Celunol Corp sign definitive merger agreement to create leadership in the emerging cellulosic approach to ethanol production.  Each partner brings leadership capabilities to the merger. ...
... "The combined company will be the first within the cellulosic ethanol industry to possess integrated end-to-end capabilities in pre-treatment, novel enzyme Ethanol production from cellulosic materialsdevelopment, fermentation, engineering, and project development. It will seek to build a global enterprise as a leading producer of cellulosic ethanol and as a strategic partner in bio-refineries around the world. At the same time, the company will continue to pursue broad market opportunities for specialty industrial enzymes within the areas of alternative fuels, specialty industrial processes, and health and nutrition, with a primary focus on enzymes for the production of biofuels. The combined company will be headquartered in Cambridge, Massachusetts and have research and operations facilities in San Diego, California; Jennings, Louisiana; and Gainesville, Florida. Celunol has recently commenced operations of the nation's first cellulosic ethanol pilot facility in Jennings, Louisiana and expects to complete a 1.4 million gallons-per-year, demonstration-scale facility to produce cellulosic ethanol from sugarcane bagasse and specially-bred energy cane by the end of 2007. " ...

Via Diversa Corporation: Diversa and Celunol Announce Merger to Create a New Biofuels Industry Leader ...

 

February 02, 2007

Pennsylvania Declares Energy Independence Strategy




Pennsylvania Coat of Arms
 

"GOVERNOR RENDELL UNVEILS ENERGY INDEPENDENCE STRATEGY TO SAVE CONSUMERS $10 BILLION OVER 10 YEARS, REDUCE RELIANCE ON FOREIGN FUELS"
 
HARRISBURG — "Citing the urgent need to cut energy costs, move toward energy independence and stimulate the economy, Governor Rendell today released his Energy Independence Strategy".
 
 “This plan will cut Pennsylvanians’ energy bills by $10 billion over the next 10 years,” said Governor Rendell.  “It will give us the ability to produce enough homegrown fuel to replace every gallon Pennsylvania currently imports from the Persian Gulf."
 
"The enactment of new laws, regulatory policies and the creation of the $850 million Energy Independence Fund will enable Pennsylvania to achieve three key goals:"
  • "Save consumers $10 billion in energy costs over the next 10 years;
  • Reduce Pennsylvania’s reliance on foreign fuels and increase Pennsylvania’s clean energy production capacity; and
  • Expand Pennsylvania’s energy production and energy technology sectors to create more jobs."
 
 
See Link for full text, 
 
Via: Commonwealth of PA Website   Link 

January 30, 2007

Wisconsin Energy: Declaration of Independence




Declaration of Energy IndependenceWisconsin to create declaration of energy independence.  $30 million in funding, plus up-to-$300 million from private investors, is targeted for research into new technologies to increase renewable energy and accelerate commercialization of these innovations, enabling energy independence.  In addition, tax credits are planned to support the creation of 400 new renewable fuel pumps, E85 Wisconsin Governor issues Declaration of Independence ethanol or biodiesel.  ...
... "creation of the Governor’s Office on Energy Independence, which will coordinate the state’s efforts to grow Wisconsin’s bio and renewable economies and advise the Governor and cabinet agencies on ways to meet the goals of Wisconsin’s Declaration of Energy Independence. The office will be led by an Executive Director who will report directly to the Governor and include staff from the Departments of Administration Division of Energy (DOA-Energy), Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection (DATCP), Natural Resources (DNR), and the Public Service Commission. " ...

Via Wisconsin Office of the Governor: Major Investment to Achieve Energy Independence and Fight Global Warming

 

January 23, 2007

Biofuel Growth: StatOil Sweden Sets E85 Record




Statoil sees stellar growth rate of 270% for E85 ethanol biofuel in Sweden as distribution channels increase and the number of flex-fuel vehicles increases. E85 will be available at 260 Swedish Svenska StatOil sells E85 ethanol biofuel service stations by the end of 2007. ...
... "Svenska Statoil’s stations sold 19.5 million litres of E85 in 2006, and 170 of its sites currently offer the product. Another 90 outlets will be added over the coming year. A total of 36,711 of these environmental cars were purchased in Sweden during 2006, an increase of 156% from the year before and 13.5% of all newly-registered cars in the country. " ...

Via StatOil: Swedish record for biofuel

 

Ford Escape E85-Flex-Fuel Hybrid




Ford will demonstrate hybrid research vehicles to address dependence on imported oil and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It will deliver an Escape Hybrid E85 that can operate on ethanol fuel, E85, a source of renewable energy. The ethanol-powered Escape hybrid would emit 25 percent less carbon dioxide than a gasoline-fueled Escape Hybrid. Ford is planning to introduce several new hybrids in the future: Mazda Tribute Hybrid in 2007 and Ford Fusion / Mercury Milan midsize sedan Ford Escape E85 Ethanol Hybridhybrids in 2008. ...
... "At the 2007 Washington Auto Show, Ford displayed the first Ford Escape Hybrid E85 scheduled for delivery this spring. It is a demonstration vehicle marrying two petroleum-saving technologies – hybrid electric power and flexible-fuel capability. Escape Hybrid E85 is the world's first hybrid vehicle capable of operating on blends of fuel containing as much as 85 percent ethanol, a renewable fuel that can be produced from American-grown corn or sugar beets. And ethanol use releases no fossil-based CO2, so its use as a fuel in place of gasoline reduces the release of greenhouse gases. Ford is producing 20 demonstration Escape Hybrid E85 vehicles for use in fleets in six different states. Deliveries will begin this spring. " ...

Via Ford: FORD TO DELIVER DEMONSTRATION FLEET OF ETHANOL FUELED HYBRIDS TO SIX STATES ...

 

January 17, 2007

Ethanol From Cellulose Feedstocks: USA Transformation




Academic study evaluates the transformation necessary to transition 25% of the USA energy to renewable sources, such as farms, forests, etc. A significant amount of acreage will be necessary to support the feedstock, such as corn or cellulose-based materials. Data supports our ability to introduce a major crop (soybeans) into the USA and transition acres to its growth and harvest. This is possible. Let's get cracking! ...
... "soybeans currently take up 70 million acres and corn is a little higher. In 1970, we had very few soybean acres. But in 30-some years, we’ve increased soybean acreage in a big way. ” ...

Via Delta Farm Press: Renewable energy transformation

 

 

January 08, 2007

Cellulosic Biomass Enzyme Research




Research partnership targets development of innovative enzymes for cellulosic biomass conversion into ethanol. Both companies benefit from the new arrangement. Enzymes will be a key technical differentiator for companies to gain a competitive advantage in the production of ethanol biofuels. Syngenta and Diversa are positioned to benefit from this commerical arrangement. Diversa has depth in enzyme research and Syngenta has the strength to commercialize enzymes in production facilities. ...
... "Syngenta and Diversa Corporation announced a new 10-year research and development partnership focused on the discovery and development of a range of novel enzymes to convert pre-treated cellulosic biomass economically to mixed Diversa Enzyme Technologysugars - a critical step in the process of biofuel production. The new agreement allows Diversa to independently develop and commercialize fermentation-based enzyme combinations from its proprietary platform. Syngenta will have exclusive access to enzymes from Diversa's platform to express in plants for enhanced cost-effective production. Converting biomass to biofuels requires breakthrough developments in three areas: chemical preparation of the cellulosic biomass (pre-treatment), conversion of pre-treated cellulosic biomass to fermentable sugars by combinations of enzymes (saccharification), and the development of novel micro-organisms to ferment the sugars to ethanol or other fuels (fermentation). Developing cost-effective enzyme systems is essential to economically converting biomass to biofuels. " ...

Via Syngenta: Syngenta and Diversa agree on new R&D partnership to discover enzymes for biofuels ...

 

December 30, 2006

Cleantech: Ethanol Crop Yields




Targeted Growth researches improvements in crop yields to increase teh ethanol per acre of crops. ...
... "The company aims to significantly increase commercial crop yields (>10%) through gene enhancement technology licensed from the University of Washington. " ...
Via Cleantech Spotlight: Targeted Growth

December 27, 2006

Peat Ethanol Research




University of Detroit Mercy researchers will explore the use of peat in the manufacture of bioethanol for fuel. ... Michigan Peat
... "Ethanol from Peat: Dr. Mark Benvenuto, Department of Chemistry at UDM, will lead research involving the production of ethanol from peat and other cellulosic materials found in native-Michigan plants. Dr. Charles Winter of WSU is partnering on this research. " ...
Via University of Detroit Mercy: UDM Leads U.S. Dept. of Transportation - University Transportation Center

Volvo XC60 E85 Ethanol Optimized




Volvo plans car, XC60 concept, that uses E85 ethanol fuel to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 80%.  ...Volvo XC60 Concept

... "The powertrain for the Volvo XC60 Concept uses the same six-cylinder, 3.2-litre, in-line petrol engine that was introduced in the all-new Volvo S80 and revised XC90 in mid-2006. The engine has been optimised for E85 (85 percent bio-ethanol, 15 percent petrol). This gives acceleration from 0–60 mph in 8.2 seconds and a top speed of approximately 143 mph. Fuel economy when running on E85 reduces to 19.2 mpg, as the energy content of ethanol is 40% lower than that of petrol. " ...

Via Volvo Release: SIX-CYLINDER BIO-ETHANOL ENGINE FOR THE VOLVO XC60 CONCEPT

 

December 21, 2006

Exasis Concept Car: Bioethanol Power




Rinspeed shares concept car that is powered with bioethanol.  Its engine is a Weber Motor MPE 750 Weber 750 Turbo MotorTurbo.  ... Rinspeed Exasis
... "A compact and powerful two-cylinder 750-cc engine provides some 150 environmentally friendly horsepower for swift conveyance. Bioethanol that reduces CO2 emissions powers the tiny supercharged engine. With a projected vehicle weight of just 750 kilograms thanks to plastic lightweight construction each horsepower has to account for just five kilograms ... " ...

Via RinSpeed: RINSPEED EXASIS

 

December 17, 2006

Ethanol Plants: EPC Design Build Partnership




BlueFire selects its EPC partner to begin the design and construction of its cellulose-to-ethanol plants.  BlueFire will leverage the Arkenol Technology Process for conversion of cellulosic, or green waste, materials into ethanol.  MECS, ex-Monsanto, is building a practice that focuses on ethanol plant design.  ...
... "BlueFire has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with MECS, Inc. (formerly Monsanto Enviro-Chem Systems, Inc.) as its lead Engineering Procurement and Construction contractor for the Company's cellulosic ethanol plants to serve the burgeoning renewable fuels market. BlueFire's goal is to design, develop and construct 20 plants in the next 6 years totaling 1.5 billion gallons in production and approximately $2.7 billion in gross revenue by 2012 with earnings in excess of $1.6 billion. MECS will work with BlueFire and JGC to complete design and commence construction of its first cellulosic plant by the second quarter of 2007. " ...

Via BlueFire: BlueFire Announces Its Selection of MECS Inc., to Design and Build Its Cellulose to Ethanol Plants in North America

 

December 14, 2006

Two Biofuels from one Crop: Ethanol and Biodiesel




VeraSun EnergyVeraSun Erergy Corporation (NYSE: VSE)  has a process to get more energy from each bushel of corn.  They can make both ethanol and biodiesel from corn.  VeraSun is "the nations second largest ethanol producer". 

Here's the process.   "VeraSun identified an opportunity to utilize oil extracted from distillers grains, undervalued as a feed component, as an excellent feedstock for biodiesel. Removing the oil from distillers grains both increases the value of the oil for fuel use, and enhances the resulting distillers grains as a livestock feed by concentrating protein and reducing fat content."

"Biodiesel can be blended with petroleum diesel to run in all existing diesel engines."  Production has grown from "75 million gallons in 2005" and is expected to "more than one billion gallons by 2010 and double to two billion gallons by 2020."

 

Via:  VeraSun Energy   Link   Link

December 07, 2006

Ethanol Production: MIT Enhances Yeast




MIT engineers strain of yeast that has tolerance of higher ethanol concentrations, making it sutiable for biofuel production. In addition, this yeast performs at a higher rate of fermentation, yielding 50% more ethanol during a control period. ...
... "By manipulating the yeast genome, the researchers have engineered a new strain of yeast that can tolerate elevated levels of both ethanol and glucose, while producing ethanol faster than un-engineered yeast. The key to the MIT strategy is manipulating the genes encoding proteins responsible for regulating gene transcription and, in turn, controlling the repertoire of genes expressed in a particular cell. These types of transcription factors bind to DNA and turn genes on or off, essentially controlling what traits a cell expresses. In this case, the researchers targeted two different transcription factors. They got their best results with a factor known as a TATA-binding protein, which when altered in three specific locations caused the over-expression overexpresion of at least a dozen genes, all of which were found to be necessary to elicit an improved ethanol tolerance, thus allowing that strain of yeast to survive high ethanol concentrations. " ...

Via MIT: Engineered yeast speeds ethanol production

 

December 05, 2006

Brazilan Micro Car - Obvio! Coming in 2007




Brazillian Obvio!The Brazilian Obvio is coming!  This tiny car is smaller than a Cooper Mini and is to get "40 mpg on the highway and 29 mpg in the city, which is better than the Mini".  It is expected to retail for approximately $14,000 or half t he price of the Toyota Prius.

It is no performance slouch - "goes from Zero to 60 in 4.2 seconds and is competitive when it comes to fuel efficiency".

The Obvio! is a "hybrid-fuel three seater" with an engine that is "built to burn gasoline, ethanol or even natural gas". 

The first wave of 50.000 including some with electrical engines is expected to arrive in the United States in the fall of 2007.

 Via:  Newsweek, October 2, 2006 l Enterprise l Productivity.   Link.

 
For more details go to Link
 

November 28, 2006

Iowa Ethanol Facility Breaks Ground




VeraSun breaks ground on next ethanol production facility in Iowa. ...
... "The facility, which will process more than 39 million bushels of corn annually and employ roughly 50 skilled workers upon completion, will take approximately 16 months to construct. The 110 MMGY facility will also yield 350,000 tons of dried distillers grains (DDGS) annually. The plant is being engineered by ICM, Inc., of Colwich, Kansas, and the general contractor is Fagen, Inc., of Granite Falls, Minnesota. " ...

Via VeraSun Energy: VeraSun Energy Breaks Ground on Hartley, Iowa, Ethanol Facility 110 MMGY Facility Scheduled for Startup Q1 2008

VeraSun Energy Corporation, is the second-largest ethanol producer in the U.S. based on production. The company has two operating production facilities located in Aurora, South Dakota, and Fort Dodge, Iowa, is constructing facilities in Charles City and Hartley, Iowa and has an additional facility under development in Welcome, Minnesota.

November 26, 2006

BioRefinery: Cellulosic Ethanol Plant in Iowa




Broin Companies discusses plans to build a cellulose-to-ethanol production facility in Iowa, Iowa Governor Vilsacktargeting completion in 2009. This investment was announced at the Iowa State Capitol in Des Moines with Jeff Broin, CEO of Broin Companies, Iowa Governor Thomas Vilsack, and Iowa Governor-Elect Chet Culver.  See Video of the announcement.  ...

...   "Voyager Ethanol, located in Emmetsburg, Iowa, will be converted from a 50 million gallon per year (MGPY) conventional corn dry mill facility into a 125 million gallon per year commercial scale bio-refinery designed to utilize advanced corn fractionation and lignocellulosic conversion technologies to produce ethanol from corn fiber and corn stover. Broin Companies has applied for matching grant funds through the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to assist with the project.  Known as Project Voyager Ethanol PlantLIBERTY, the expansion will utilize an existing infrastructure with projected costs for the project at just over $200 million dollars. Pilot research for this project has been conducted and the expansion is slated to begin in February with a commercial production timeline set approximately 30 months later. Project LIBERTY, which stands for Launch of an Integrated Bio-refinery with Eco-sustainable and Renewable Technologies in Y2009, will create commercialization results that include 11 percent more ethanol from a bushel of corn and 27 percent more ethanol from an acre of corn while using 83 percent less energy needed to operate a corn to ethanol plant. Technology efforts for Project LIBERTY began several years ago and escalated when Broin and the DOE jointly funded a five-year research initiative to develop and improve dry mill fractionation with the assistance of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and South Dakota State University. The project provided for the commercialization of Broin’s fractionation technology, or BFrac, which together with Broin's raw starch hydrolysis process (BPX), creates the foundation for biorefining in the future. The results of BFrac include producing higher ethanol yields, but more importantly it creates additional value-added products and streams – including the intended use of fiber in the production of cellulose to ethanol. "   ...

Via Broin: Broin Companies to Expand Voyager Ethanol in Emmetsburg, Iowa to Include Cellulose to Ethanol Commercial Production

November 14, 2006

Alternative Fuel: E85 Flextek Technology




FlexTek, Brazilian fuel technology, enables gasoline-powered engines to use E85 ethanol as a fuel. ...
... "XcelPlus Global Holdings Inc. currently owns and controls cutting edge alternative fuel technologies including Flextek technology which converts gasoline powered FlexTekvehicles into flexible fuel vehicles capable of running on E85 ethanol, and Diesenol technology which is a 95% ethanol substitute for diesel and bio diesel fuels which can be burned in any modern diesel engine. The company's business plan includes bringing inexpensive cellulosic ethanol to key urban areas to drive Flextek sales while the ability to burn ethanol fuels in any modern vehicle will ensure a large ethanol market. " ...

Via XcelPlus Global Holding: XcelPlus Global Holdings Inc. Plans Expansion

 

November 06, 2006

Is E85 Corrosive?




 

Much has been written about E85 as the fuel of the future.  Car companies have been saying that for a little extra money a car can be built to be E85 compliant.

E85 is a blend of 85% corn based ethanol and 15% gasoline.  According to Underwriters Laboratories "E85 ... could be eating away at the metal and plastic parts in pumps being used ... at gasoline stations". 

This news has caused BP to "delay the expansion of E85 at its American gasoline outlets ... "

Iowa growst he most corn of any state and E85 could have a very positive impact on it's economy.  Iowa state law does not require U.L. certified pumps until July 1, 2009.  The state fire marshall has indicated that this will not "have any immediate impact on the dispensing of E85 in the state".

Wal-Mart previously announced it would consider E85 at Sam's Clubs and Wal-MArt stores.  A spokesman indicated "we are still in the consideration phase ... and ... this is one more thing to consider".

Via: The New York Times, Friday, October 27, 2006, Ethanol Could Corrode Pumps, Testers Say. Link

October 29, 2006

GM 2007 Flex-Fuel Plan ...




GM plans for flex-fuel vehicles in 2007. ...
... "In 2007, GM will offer 16 E85-compatible Flex Fuel models totaling about 400,000 vehicles. " ...
Via GM: Link

GM E85 Ethanol Support: EPA Smart Way ...




GM joins EPA SmartWay partnership to support the growth of ethanol E85 as a popular alternative fuel option. ...
... "General Motors announced that it has joined the Environmental Protection Agency's new SmartWay Grow & Go partnership as part of GM's ongoing commitment to promote the benefits of E85 ethanol and other renewable fuels. With over two million E85 capable vehicles on the road today, GM has also made a major commitment to promoting the use and availability of E85 ethanol, with plans to double production of flexible fuel vehicles by 2010 as part of its involvement in the Energy Future Coalition's 25x25 initiative to get 25 percent of the nation's transportation energy needs met by renewable fuels by 2025. GM has already announced several partnerships with government, fuel providers and fuel retailers across the nation to help grow the E85 ethanol fueling station infrastructure. Since May of 2005, GM has announced partnerships in eleven states to locate up to 175 new E85 ethanol fueling locations by the end of 2006. There are currently more than 1,000 E85 ethanol fueling sites nationwide. " ...
General Motors Joins EPA's SmartWay Grow & Go Partnership ...

E10 Ethanol: No Mods Necessary ...




E10 Ethanol can be used in any car without modification. ...
... "All vehicles can use E10 with no modifications to the engine. E85 is for use in a flexible fuel vehicle ... " ...
Via Martinsville Indiana Reporter-Times: In the search for economic and ecological answers, some think the answer is ethanol

E85 Pump UL Evaluation ...




Underwriters Laboratory is evaluating E85 dispensing to address the recent field observations of corrosion with ethanol gasoline. ...
... "Our technical experts are currently reviewing research to verify material compatibility with E-85. We will co-sponsor an E-85 Compatibility Technical Forum on November 1-2, 2006 with the US Department of Energy to obtain additional advice pursuant to UL establishing performance criteria and offering a Listing program for E-85 dispensers. " ...
Via Underwriter Laboratory: Additional Information on Authorization Suspension of Dispenser Components for use with E-85 ...

E85 Corrosion




E85 gas stations are experiencing some problems, associated with increase pump corrosion. ...
... "But in developing the fuel, scientists never tested how corrosive E85 is to the hoses, the tank and the rest of the pump ... " ...
Via KCCI: E85 Pump Testing Puts Snag In Distribution ...

E85 Ethanol: Iowa Candidate Debate ...




Corn-belt candidates debate the ethanol issues. ...
... "We have a large amount of new ethanol production coming on the market in the next 12 to 18 months. We need to find large markets to use much of that to avoid a price collapse in ethanol that could damage the industry. " ...
Via Fort Dodge, Iowa Messenger: Politicians differ on controversial local control issue ...

E85 Gas Stations: Gradual Progress ...




There are many ethanol production facilities in the construction pipeline, but too few gas stations are offering ethanol, E85 blend. ...
... "In a recent trip to Sioux Falls, where there are approximately nine gas stations selling E85, the price was 15 to 20 cents less than the price in North Sioux City. " ...
Via Sioux City Journal: Too few E85 opportunities ...

October 28, 2006

BioEnergy Ethanol: Dyadic Investment ...




Abengoa Bioenergy will invest $10 million in a new issue of Dyadic stock to support their research and development collaboration, which will focus on efficiencies in bioethanol production. ...
... "Dyadic will use the proceeds from this private sale to fund its R&D obligations under the R&D agreement, which has as its objective the development of a cost-Abengoa BioEnergy Bioethanol Planteffective enzyme production system for commercial application in Abengoa Bioenergy’s bioethanol (cellulosic ethanol) production process. The R&D agreement, which does not become effective until the private sale closes, calls upon Dyadic to use its proprietary technologies to develop one or more enzyme mixture manufacturing systems customized to ABRD’s proprietary biomass substrates. The R&D agreement contemplates that Dyadic will perform both foundational research of general application to the cellulosic ethanol field and specific applications research for the achievement of the goals of ABRD’s program. " ...
Via Dyadic: Dyadic Enters Into Research and Development Agreement with Abengoa Bioenergy in the Area of Cellulosic Ethanol Production ...

October 18, 2006

Ethanol Stats: Petro Industry Perspective ...




Petroleum industry association leader positions ultra-conservative views on ethanol development as an alternative fuel, offering more impediments than support. We know where their interests lie. ...

... "Nearly half -- 46 percent, to be specific -- of all gasoline now consumed in the U.S. includes ethanol. Some 4.6 billion gallons of ethanol will be used this year – exceeding the RFS-required 4 billion gallons for 2006. In our view, ethanol is here to stay, and it is a very important part of our nation’s gasoline pool.

We believe allowing market forces and consumer preferences to determine where and how ethanol is consumed is the most effective and least costly way to integrate ethanol into the nation’s transportation fuels pool. " ...

Via American Petroleum Institute: Cavaney Speech-Renewables

October 11, 2006

Ethanol Production: Chevron Ethanex Partner




Chevron's Energy Solutions subsidiary plans to leverage its engineering, procurement, and construction strengths to construct three high-efficiency ethanol production facilities for Ethanex Energy, a renewable energy company.  ...

...   "Under an agreement with Ethanex, CES will perform engineering, geotechnical studies, site and civil design work in order to prepare a detailed proposal for developing and building ethanol plants that use advanced technology to maximize the plants' efficiency. The proposal will include details necessary for CES to negotiate contracts to engineer, procure and construct for Ethanex at least three biofuel plants by 2008. The plants, to be located in Missouri, Illinois and Kansas, will each produce Chevron will build ethanol production facilitiesabout 132 million gallons of fuel-grade ethanol annually.  Ethanol, or ethyl alcohol, is a renewable biofuel produced from the starch and sugar in agricultural crops, primarily domestically-produced corn. Currently, the total production capacity of ethanol facilities in the United States is about 5 billion gallons per year.  In moving ahead with this work, CES has determined that its experience in planning, project managing and constructing energy-efficient facilities is well-suited for building energy-efficient ethanol plants. In addition, this work is consistent with Chevron's support of biofuels development in its efforts to help expand and diversify the world's energy supply.  Chevron is investing across the energy spectrum to develop energy sources for future generations by expanding the capabilities of today's alternative and renewable energy technologies. "   ...

Via Chevron: Chevron Energy Solutions to Prepare Proposal to Develop High-Efficiency Ethanol Plants for Ethanex Energy

October 07, 2006

Ethanol E85 Gas Stations Grow ...




The 1000 E85 ethanol gas stations can be found here. ...  E85 Ethanol Pump
... "There are now over 1,000 publicly and privately accessed E85 fueling locations throughout the United States! The Cenex on 320 Street Northwest in Bemidji, Minnesota can proudly be named the thousandth facility. The number of E85 stations has grown significantly in just a short period of time. " ...

Via National Ethanol Vehicle Coalition : E85 Stations Exceed 1,000 ...

 

October 05, 2006

Ethanol Biorefinery: Corn Stover Feedstock ...




Dupont and Broin partner together in the growing biofuels industry, where they develop the next steps needed to bring cost-effective ethanol derived from corn stover to market.  Corn stover is corn stalks that remain after the corn has been harvested.  The corn stover is one of the largest Corn Stover for Ethanol manufacturingavailable biomass sources not being used.  About one ton of corn stover is produced for every one ton of corn harvested.  So the partnership is targeting a plentiful and under-utilized raw material.  ...

...   "The Integrated BioRefinery technology will significantly increase the amount of ethanol per acre achievable by using both the corn grain and stover.  DuPont's first in class fermentation process, developed with its partners, allows high conversion of both C-6 glucose sugars and the difficult to ferment C-5 xylose sugars to ethanol at high yields.  The Integrated BioRefinery technology uses a microorganism called Zymomonas mobilis to make these conversions.  In nature, this organism lives in solutions of high sugar concentrations, such as those derived from fruits and the sugar sap of plants, and so is well-suited for highly efficient conversion of sugar. "   ...

Via Dupont: DuPont and Broin Partner to Advance Development of Ethanol ...

September 27, 2006

Biomass Gasification: Ethanol Production ...




Iowa State is researching technology to create producer gas from biomass in order to support efficient production of ethanol.  University researchers wil collaborate with Frontline BioEnergy, which specializes in biomass gasification systems.  They will work on the design of a biomass gasifier with sufficient capacity to support the energy needs of an ethanol plant.  The Grow Iowa Values Fund, a state economic development program, is supporting the research with an investment grant.  It is expected that the research will enable a more efficient and effective design of commercial-scale Biomass Gasifierfluidized bed gasifiers.  ...

...   "It takes a lot of natural gas to run an ethanol plant. A plant needs steam to liquefy corn starch and heat to distill alcohol and more heat to dry the leftover distillers grains.  Burning natural gas to produce all that heat is the second largest expense at most ethanol plants -- trailing only the cost of the corn used for ethanol production. One estimate says Iowa's annual production of more than one billion gallons of ethanol accounts for about 16 percent of the state's demand for natural gas.  That has Iowa State University researchers working with an Ames company to develop a renewable and cost effective alternative to the natural gas burned by most ethanol plants. "   ...

Via Iowa State University: Iowa State researchers helping to take the natural gas out of ethanol production ...

Gasification reference: "Gasification is a process that converts carbonaceous materials, such as coal, petroleum, petroleum coke or biomass, into carbon monoxide and hydrogen. "

 

September 17, 2006

Florida E85 Ethanol on the Way ...




Governor Bush's legislation (Florida Renewable Energy Technologies and Energy Efficiency Act) provides rebates, grants and tax incentives to drive the development of alternative fuel technologies.  Ethanol plant construction begins at Port Sutton to deliver E85 to Florida's drivers.  ...

...   "Governor Bush joined top officials with US EnviroFuels LLC to launch the company's new ethanol production facility in Port Sutton. This ethanol facility will produce a fuel additive derived from agricultural products that limits the amount of gasoline a vehicle consumes, reducing the amount of greenhouse gases released into the air.  Upon completion, the Port Sutton plant is expected to produce an Florida Ethanol Production Facility is Planned ...estimated 40 million gallons of fuel grade ethanol per year. Production will include grain unloading, storage, milling, fermentation, distillation and drying. Grain will be delivered by rail or truck, and ethanol will be distributed by rail, truck or barge. The company is scheduled to break ground in August and begin operating in October 2007. "   ...

Via Florida Governor Jeb Bush: GOVERNOR BUSH SIGNS HISTORIC ENERGY LEGISLATION, LAUNCHES TAMPA'S FIRST ETHANOL PRODUCTION FACILITY ...

Ethanol production is great for Florida: "Florida has an ample supply and variety of feedstocks for ethanol production. These feedstocks include plant and crop derived materials such as sugar cane products and co-products, citrus pulp and peel, agricultural residues, food and beverage waste and recalls, and urban yard and wood waste. "

September 14, 2006

Soft-BioMass RITE-Honda BioEthanol Process ...




Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth (RITE) and Honda R&D, Honda Motor Company's research and development division, announced that their collaborative research efforts Honda R+Dhave resulted in ethanol production technology from soft-biomass, a renewable resource of plant-derived material (rice straw and other plant materials).  The collaboration envisions implementing a pilot demonstration project to assess the social compatibility and economic efficiency of the new bio-alcohol production system.  RITE

The production process takes rice straw, as the soft-biomass raw material, combines it with specially-designed strain of bacteria (the RITE strain), and produces bio-ethanol for use as a fuel or source of energy.  If successful, RITE and Honda will construct a bio-refinery for production of ethanol and other industrial commodities, such as automotive materials, from soft-biomass raw materials.  RITE and Honda will realize their goal of a sustainable society and together contribute to the reduction of global-warming through reduction of CO2.  ...   Rice Straw

...   "Carbon dioxide (CO2) released by the combustion of bio-ethanol is balanced by the CO2 captured by plants through photosynthesis and, thus, does not increase the total amount of CO2 in the atmosphere. Bio-ethanol, therefore, has attracted attention as a carbon-neutral fuel, an energy source effective as countermeasure to global-warming.  Existing bio-ethanol production, however, faces supply limits, as it is produced primarily from sugar and starch of sugarcane and corn feedstock, which are also utilized as food.

In its collaborative research, RITE and Honda have established the basic technology to produce ethanol fuel from cellulose and hemicellulose, both found in soft-biomass, including inedible leaves and stalks of plants, such as rice straw.  Until now, such soft-biomass represented a challenge to convert to ethanol.  Thus, the new process represents a large step forward for practical application of soft-biomass as a fuel source.  The RITE-Honda process, newly developed as an integration of the sophisticated bio-technology of RITE and the engineering technology of Honda, paves the way to bio-ethanol production from cellulose and hemi-cellulose, with the potential to significantly increase fuel production.

Now, RITE and Honda have successfully developed the RITE-Honda process, which substantially reduces the harmful influence of fermentation inhibitors.  The RITE-Honda process succeeds through utilization of RITE strain, a microorganism RITE Strain - Micro-organismdeveloped by RITE that converts sugar into alcohol, and by application of engineering technology of Honda, enabling a significant increase in alcohol conversion efficiency, in comparison to conventional cellulosic bio-ethanol production processes.  The RITE-Honda process, resulting in a significant increase in production of bio-ethanol, and expansion of biomass utilization, holds enormous potential as a major step forward toward the realization of an energy sustainability society.  The achievement solves the last remaining fundamental hurdle to ethanol production from soft-biomass. Thus, RITE and Honda will pursue research for mass production, including development of systems to integrate four operations, currently operated independently, into a continuous flow within one plant, recycling energy* to pursue energy conservation and cost reduction. "   ...  BioEthanol

Via Honda: RITE and Honda Jointly Develop New Technology To Produce Ethanol From Cellulosic Biomass ...

RITE was created to address the issue of global climate change through research into alternative energy and green technologies ...

Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth (RITE): Established in 1990 by the joint investment of the Japanese government and private enterprises, with the goal of conducting fundamental research on countermeasure technology for global-warming, particularly climate change. Engaged in efforts to stabilize climate change through development of alternative energy research and CO2 sequestration technologies.

Honda recently describes its near-term plans and included its perspective on alternative fuels, such as ethanol.  ...

Honda Ethanol Plans: "Ethanol fuel is widely used in Brazil. Since the mid-1980s, Honda has been offering motorcycles and then automobiles that accept ethanol-gasoline fuel. The percentage of ethanol has increased from 10% to 20% and 25%, and now 100% ethanol fuel, called E100, is also available in the market. Honda will introduce a FlexFuel car that accepts ethanol contained fuel at any percentage, before the end of 2006.  Honda will continue to pursue efforts to utilize various non-gasoline energy sources, which is expected to have a large impact on the reduction of CO2. "

August 30, 2006

Ethanol Biofuel Pumps: Michigan Invests ...




Governor Jennifer Granholm invests in an increase of ethanol biofuel pumps throughout Michigan in order to reduce foreign oil dependency

...   "Governor Jennifer M. Granholm announced that the state of Michigan will work to have 1,000 biofuel pumps by 2008 to make ethanol and biodiesel fuel more accessible to Michigan motorists.  To reach that goal, the governor announced a $250,000 grant program to help service station owners defray the costs of installing Michigan Governor Invests in Biofuel Pumps ...or converting infrastructure at public service stations to provide ethanol and biodiesel fuel to Michigan consumers.  This is the second round in a series of grants being made available by the state. 

Five ethanol plants are already in production in Michigan, with two more under construction.  Two biodiesel plants are also beginning production, with another plant in the works.  In addition, the legislative package signed by the governor in July cut the gas tax by 36 percent for the purchase of ethanol and 20 percent for biodiesel.  Granholm said that Michigan's investment in alternative energy production and use will benefit consumers in the long-run as increased use of ethanol and biodiesel helps reduce the demand for foreign oil.  In the short-term, Granholm said the state is doing everything in its power to protect consumers at the pump, including doubling the number of inspections this year to ensure that consumers are receiving the quantity and quality of gasoline they are paying for.  The governor said that President Bush could provide short-term relief, as well, by capping outrageous oil company profits. "  ...

Via Michigan Office of the Governor: Granholm Announces Goal of 1,000 BioFuel Pumps by 2008; Announces $250,000 Grant Program ...

August 28, 2006

Alternative Fuel Automobiles Increasing ...




American consumers are increasing their consumption of automobiles that leverage alternative-fuels, such as biodiesel and ethanol,  according to latest industry trends.  ...

...   "The number of alternative fuel automobiles on U.S. roads has reached 9 million, according to new figures released by R.L. Polk & Co.  The Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers said that there were approximately 8.3 million alternative fuel autos on the road at the close of 2005, and over 700,000 hybrids, diesel and ethanol vehicles have been purchased in the first half of 2006, putting automakers on track to reach their goal of sales of a million. Automakers have set a goal of selling 1 million hybrids, diesel and ethanol vehicles in 2006, and 2 million by 2008.

Automakers are now selling 46 models of alternative fuel autos, including ethanol vehicles capable of running on 85 percent ethanol (or E85 vehicles), clean diesel autos and hybrid electric vehicles.  Another 35 models of alternative fuel autos are in development for future introduction. "   ...

Alternative Fuel Automobiles Increasing: Via Auto Alliance: 9 million Alternative Fuel Autos on US roads ...

August 27, 2006

BioFuel: GM Trees Yield Cellulosic Ethanol ...




DOE OBER funds research at Purdue University on increasing the yield of ethanol from genetically modified poplar trees.  This method of cellulosic ethanol can offer a balanced approach, in addition to ethanol from corn.  The opportunity is huge: 80% of the fossil fuel used for transportation can be offset through the use of ethanol.  ...

...   "The Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research is funding a $1.4 million, three-year study by Purdue faculty members Clint Chapple, Richard Meilan and Michael Ladisch to determine ways to alter lignin and test whether the genetic changes affect the quality of plants used to produce biofuels. A hybrid poplar tree is the basis for the research that is part of the DOE's goal to replace 30 With funding from the Department of Energy, Clint Chapple, from left, and Rick Meilan are using genetic tools to find ways to convert trees into ethanol as a replacement for fossil fuels. (Purdue Agricultural Communication photo/Tom Campbell)percent of the fossil fuel used annually in the United States for transportation with biofuels by 2030.  In 2005 ethanol accounted for only 4 billion gallons of the 140 billion gallons of U.S. transportation fuel used — less than 3 percent. About 13 percent of the nation's corn crop was used for that production. Purdue scientists and experts at the U.S. departments of Agriculture and Energy say corn can only be part of the solution to the problem of replacing fossil fuel.

Corn can be grown only in a few areas of the world and only during a relatively short growing season. Besides needing potential fuel-source crops that can be grown year-round and in many geographical locations, experts also want to increase the per acre tonnage yield of crops and the gallons of ethanol per ton.  Researchers believe that using the hybrid poplar in its present form could produce about 70 gallons of fuel per ton of wood. Approximately 10 tons of poplar could be grown per acre annually, representing 700 gallons of ethanol. Corn currently produces about 4.5 tons per acre per year with a yield of about 400 gallons of ethanol. Changing the lignin composition could increase the annual yield to 1,000 gallons of ethanol per acre, according to experts. Planted on 110 million acres of unused farmland, this could replace 80 percent of the transportation fossil fuel consumed in the United States each year. "   ...

BioFuel: GM Trees Yield Cellulosic Ethanol: Via Purdue University: Fast-growing trees could take root as future energy source ...

August 26, 2006

Ethanol E85 Sales Grow in Minnesota ...




Star-Tribune reports on the growth record being seen in Minnesota for Ethanol E85 as a alternative to 100% petrol-based fuel.  This growth is being fueled in part by the growing awareness of E85 as an alternative and GM's promotion of flex-fuel vehicles.  ...

...   "Statewide retail sales of ethanol fuel set a record in July as gas prices hovered around $3 a gallon. The state's 288 stations pumped 2.1 million gallons of E85, which is made with 85 percent ethanol and 15 percent gasoline. That's nearly three times the E85 sold last July ... "   ...

Ethanol E85 Sales Grow in Minnesota: Via Minneapolis St. Paul Star-Tribune: Motorists get pumped up over ethanol

GM's promotion of flex-fuel vehicles ...

General Motors Promotes Greater E85 Consumer Awareness, Use in Minnesota: "General Motors today announced the immediate availability of VE85 refueling pumps to Minneapolis-St. Paul area service stations through a collaborative partnership with VeraSun Energy Corp. The collaboration is part of a broader, national GM campaign to boost the use and awareness of ethanol-based E85 fuel in the United States.  VeraSun announced plans to add 10 new VE85 fueling outlets to the Twin Cities area by summer and announced the following four Minnesota locations that are now offering branded VeraSun E85 fuel including: Freedom Valu Center 4852 at Highway 61 in White Bear Lake; Freedom/SuperAmerica Franchise at 1015 Geneva Ave., N., in Oakdale; Freedom Valu Center at 3810 Silver Lake Rd. N.E., in St. Anthony; and Freedom Valu Center at 1100 Highway 15 S. in Hutchinson.  Minnesota leads the nation in per capita use of renewable fuels like ethanol, and we have been excited to work with General Motors to promote E85 capable vehicles across the state, said Tim Gerlach, director of outdoor air programs for the American Lung Association of Minnesota (ALAMN).  We commend GM's promotion of flexible fuel vehicles and cleaner, renewable-based E85, which together help reduce tailpipe and greenhouse gas emissions. "

August 22, 2006

Renewable Fuel Efficient Vehicles: Minnesota Go-Greener Plan ...




Minnesota Governor Pawlenty is expanding the state's use of renewable fuels and increasing the number of cleaner, fuel efficient vehicles in the state fleet.  ...

...   "Over the next five years, Metro Transit will replace 314 buses with 150 next-generation hybrid electric buses that deliver 22 percent better fuel mileage and half the exhaust of existing buses. The other 164 new buses will incorporate the latest engine technology that will burn diesel fuel more efficiently, reduce emissions and improve fuel economy.  Metro Transit also intends to double the biodiesel content of its fuel supply from 5 percent – the standard implemented by Metro Transit on July 1, 2006 – to 10 percent in mid-2007. The State of Minnesota requires a 2 percent bio-additive in diesel fuel sold in the state.  Metro Transit consumes and supplies about 10 million gallons of diesel fuel each year. The collective benefit of the Go Greener action plan will: Reduce emissions by 168 tons each year by replacing these buses with cleaner operating buses.  Replace 1.23 million gallons a year of non-renewable fossil fuel with sustainable soy-based biodiesel and hybrid technology.  Result in annual fuel savings of $652,000.   Minnesota Governor implements Go Greener Plan ...

E-85 for Minneapolis St. Paul International Airport ground fleet: The Metropolitan Airport Commission (MAC) has stocked up on the gasoline alternative E-85, a blend of 85 percent ethanol and just 15 percent gasoline. MAC installed an E-85 fuel tank at Minneapolis St. Paul International Airport, making it the first airport in the U.S. to adopt a biofuel standard for its ground transportation vehicles.  The 6,000 gallon tank will ensure that airport flex-fuel ground transportation vehicles are fueled exclusively with the cleaner burning, homegrown ethanol blend. About 2,000 gallons have been pumped since the tank was installed in June.  MAC purchased its first flex-fuel vehicle for its fleet in 2005 and has added seven more vehicles that run on E-85 this year. Their goal is to add three to five E-85 vehicles annually to replace aging vehicles in its fleet. 

E85 Logo  E-85 usage in state vehicles has increased by 53% from last year. In the first six months of 2006, state vehicles have used more than 77,000 gallons of E-85 compared to 41,000 gallons in 2005. There are 1,171 flex fuel vehicles in the state fleet.  These reductions in the use of petroleum-based fuels are being achieved through a combination of increased use of agricultural fuels, increased fuel efficiency of the state fleet by purchase of hybrid and more fuel efficient vehicles. When fully implemented, it is estimated that the state will increase the amount of E-85 gasoline used to 1.7 million gallons. "   ...

Renewable Fuel Efficient Vehicles: Minnesota Go-Greener Plan: Via State Of Minnesota: GOVERNOR PAWLENTY ANNOUNCES MORE HYBRID ELECTRIC BUSES, MORE RENEWABLE FUEL USE IN STATE GOVERNMENT ...

August 16, 2006

Biofuel Ethanol Investment: Illinois Pacesetter ...




Illinois Governor Blagojevich invests in biofuel production to lower state dependence on foreign oil and to spur economic growth through new plant construction, operations, and maintenance.  A number of companies will benefit from this investment in biofuels: Central Illinois Energy, Illinois River Energy, Center Ethanol Co., Biofuels Company of America, and Stepan Company.  The governor has demonstrated his committment to a sustainable future through his support for biodiesel tax exemptions.  Illinois has established itself as a pacesetter in biofuel investments.    ...

...   "Gov. Rod R. Blagojevich announced more than $25 million in new Opportunity Returns grants and additional support to help build five new ethanol and biodiesel production facilities across Illinois. The new plants will spur about $334 million in private investment, produce 225 million gallons of biofuels each year, create almost 150 new jobs and reduce Illinois' dependence on foreign oil.    Central Illinois Energy ...

Central Illinois Energy (CIE) will build this 37 million gallon per year ethanol production facility and an associated coal-fired, combined heat and power plant (CHP). The plant will use about 13.1 million bushels of corn annually and produce about 111,000 tons of livestock feed (distillers dried grains) each year. Because the facility uses CHP technology, the plant will be very clean and energy efficient.

Gov. Blagojevich also announced today that Illinois River Energy LLC in Ogle County has received a $5.5 million Opportunity Returns grant to build its new 50 million gallon per year ethanol production facility on Illinois River Energy ethanol plant ...an 81-acre site near Rochelle. This project will boost demand for Illinois corn by almost 18 million bushels a year, produce about 160,000 tons of livestock feed (distillers dried grains) each year and create about 45 new jobs. The total cost of the facility is approximately $80 million.

Center Ethanol Co., LLC in St. Clair County is receiving nearly $5.7 million in Opportunity Returns support to build a new $100 million ethanol production facility. The new biorefinery, which will be built near Sauget, will create about 35 new permanent jobs, as well as 250,000 worker-hours of construction jobs. The state's support is coming from a variety of DCEO's business development programs, including a Renewable Fuels Development Program grant, Economic Development for a Growing Economy (EDGE) tax credits (based on job creation projections over a ten-year period), Employer Training Investment Program (ETIP) job training funds to help enhance the skills of its workforce, and additional financial benefits, such as sales tax exemptions and tax credits for job creation resulting from the company being located within an Enterprise Zone.  The facility will produce a 54 million gallons of ethanol per year ethanol, use more than 19 million bushels of corn annually and produce about 160,000 tons of livestock feed (distillers dried grains) each year.

Gov. Blagojevich also announced today that Biofuels Company of America, LLC in Vermilion County is receiving about $4.8 million Opportunity Returns grants to construct a new $30 million biodiesel production facility in Danville. This project will create about 15 new jobs. Additionally, operation of this facility will help secure up to 100 existing jobs at an adjacent soybean crushing plant. This project is commonly known in the area by the name of one of its major investors, Bunge North America.  This new plant, developed by Biofuels Company of America, LLC, as a partnership between Bunge North America and Biodiesel Investment Group, LLC, will be a 45 million gallon per year biodiesel production facility. In addition to the biodiesel fuel produced, the soybean oil the plant will use as feedstock is equivalent to about 30 million bushels of beans annually.    Illinois Governor ...

The Governor announced that the Stepan Company in Will County is a receiving a $3 million Opportunity Returns grant for a nearly $24 million expansion of its existing biodiesel production facility near Elwood. Current production at the facility is about 10 million gallons per year, and this expansion will more than quadruple production to 49 million gallons per year. This project will create six to eight new jobs. In addition to the biodiesel fuel produced, the plant will use about 35 million bushels of soybeans annually.

Gov. Blagojevich signed into law a complete state sales tax exemption for biodiesel blends of 11 percent or higher, as well as for the high-ethanol blend known as E-85. When diesel fuel costs $3 per gallon, the value of the exemption, at 6.25 percent, is 18.75 cents per gallon. Consumers have saved more than $200 million as a result of these exemptions on B-11 and E-85 since 2003. This valuable tax exemption has multiplied the size of the biodiesel market by 30 times since 2003 - making the biodiesel market 30 times larger than it was before. This demand is now creating the demand for new ethanol and biodiesel plants. "   ...

Via State of Illinois: GOV. BLAGOJEVICH ANNOUNCES A NEW $25 MILLION INVESTMENT TO HELP BUILD FIVE STATE-OF-THE-ART ETHANOL AND BIODIESEL PLANTS ACROSS ILLINOIS: Grants Will Spur About $334 Million in Private Investment, Produce 225 Million Gallons of Biofuels Each Year, Create About 150 New Jobs and Lessen Illinois' Dependence on Foreign Oil ...

Central Illinois Energy is a cooperative ethanol production facility located in the Buckheart township of Fulton County, Illinois. It processes approximately 13-million bushels of its members' corn annually, producing 37-million gallons of ethanol, 125,000 tons of distiller grains and other useful byproducts.

Illinois River Energy, LLC is building a dry mill, corn-based processing facility that will produce ethanol, three forms of distillers grains, and carbon dioxide (CO2).  The ethanol plant is located in Rochelle, Illinois and will process in excess of 18 million bushels of corn per year.  Upon completion, the ethanol plant will produce 50 million gallons per year of denatured fuel grade ethanol, 160,000 tons of dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) and 120,000 tons of CO2.  Illinois River Energy, LLC was founded in 2002 by a group of farmers to develop a fuel grade ethanol facility utilizing Illinois corn in the production of ethanol.  Sixteen sites were evaluated by IRE with Rochelle chosen as the site due to its' economic advantages and excellent infrastructure.  The IRE facility will have a positive economic effect on the entire community due to the increased value of corn, real estate taxes, and 32 new jobs created with an annual payroll of approximately $1.5 million.

Stepan Company is a global manufacturer of specialty and intermediate chemicals used in consumer products and industrial application. Stepan is a leading merchant producer of surfactants, which are the key ingredients in consumer and industrial cleaning compounds. Manufacturers of detergents, shampoos, lotions, toothpastes and cosmetics depend on surfactants to achieve the foaming and cleaning qualities of their products.

Governor Rod R. Blagojevich was sworn in as the 40th Governor of Illinois on January 13, 2003. As Illinois' chief executive officer, Gov. Blagojevich is working aggressively to create jobs, build stronger communities, provide Illinois families the tools they need to improve their lives, and restore the people's confidence in state government.

August 15, 2006

Ethanol E85 Performance Car Sets Speed Record ...




E85 ethanol powers performance car to best its land speed record at the Bonneville Salt Flats ...Ecotec Engine Performs on E85

...   "The Ecotec-powered Bonneville Student Project Cobalt SS, which runs on E85 ethanol, upped its land speed record to 163.608 mph at the Bonneville Salt Flats in the G/FCC class (G Class/Unblown Fuel Competition Coupe).  Only one day after setting the first-ever record at Bonneville using E85 alone, the Student Cobalt bested its record by more than 7 mph using E85 in conjunction with nitrous oxide.  GM GM E85 car sets speed record at Bonneville Salt Flats ...Performance Division engineer and driver Mark Dickens had another strong day as he drove the Student Cobalt to the new speed record and then scorched the salt with a 246.680 mph qualifying run in the Chevy So-Cal Cobalt.  The 246+ mph run beats his own personal best speed of 243.127 mph in the Chevy So-Cal Cobalt during the 2004 Speed Week event, which earned the car the nickname 243 Cobalt."   ...

Ethanol E85 Performance Car Sets Speed Record: GM Performance Division Continues Record-Setting Week at Bonneville Salt Flats: Chevy So-Cal Cobalt SS Scorches the Salt at 246 MPH during Qualifying ...

GM Performance Division Sets Two Land Speed Records at Bonneville Salt Flats: The Bonneville Student Project Chevrolet Cobalt SS, based off a naturally-aspirated Cobalt SS and converted to run on E85 ethanol for 2006, set a 156.073 mph record in the G/FCC class (G Class/Unblown Fuel Competition Coupe), while the Chevy So-Cal Cobalt SS set a 218.392 mph record in the G/BFALT class (G Class/Blown Fuel Altered Coupe).  Three female student interns - 19-year-old Heather Chemistruck from Virginia Tech University, 21-year-old Lauren Zimmer from Purdue University and 21-year-old Sandra Saldivar of New Mexico State University - were among the many excited Chevy Cobalt E85 Vehicle at Salt Flats for GM ...Bonneville team members as they helped convert the Student Project Cobalt to run on E85 for 2006 and are also part of the car's pit crew.