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September 20, 2011

Bacteria hydrogen production offers bio-pathway to energy




Salty seawater and fresh river water are leveraged in the breakdown of organic materials by bacteria to generate hydrogen gas via hydrolysis.  The research continues to explore scale-up opportunities.  …Seawater can play a role in hydrogen production

…   “Exoelectrogenic bacteria, which can transfer electrical energy to conductive materials including metal,  are found in ponds, streams, wastewater, sediments and soil.”   …

Via International Business Times: Hydrogen Production.

Research paper on microbial reverse-electrodialysis.

May 18, 2011

Renewable fuel standards enable biofuel investment




Industry group urges sustaining the federal Renewable Fuel Standard to provide the stability that enables investment in the development of advanced biofuels.  …

…   “The Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) today joined the Advanced BioFuel Association, the Renewable Fuel Association, the Advanced Ethanol Council and the American Coalition for Ethanol in a letter to leaders of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce and the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works urging protection of the federal RFS.”   …

BIO.

BIO represents more than 1,100 biotechnology companies, academic institutions, state biotechnology centers and related organizations across the United States and in more than 30 other nations.

Federal Renewable Fuel Standard.

Renewable fuel standard amendments (PDF).

RFS compliance details.

RFS amendment responses.

RFS whitepaper (PDF) by BIO.

BIO group on renewable fuel standard

April 11, 2011

Gas prices make biofuels more competitive




and we need to make sure that the production of renewable fuels is efficient.  Codexis focuses on biofuel production through the commercialization of an effective catalyst.  …

…   “Codexis produces biocatalysts, which create ethanol faster and cleaner than traditional methods.”   …

Via Money Show: Rising Gas Prices.

Codexis Biocatalysis.

March 29, 2011

Artificial leaf uses solar to generate hydrogen for fuel cell power




Artificial leaf generates power from solar photosynthesis

MIT researcher Daniel Nocera discusses the results of his team’s artificial leaf at the 241st National Meeting of the American Chemical Society.  The research team has created an advanced solar cell, based on bio-mimicry of the photosynthesis process used by plants. 

The leaf-like cell chemically splits water into hydrogen and oxygen for storage in a fuel cell for supplying power needs.  The Nocera solar leaf is constructed of inexpensive nickel and cobalt catalysts and material. 

The chemical reaction does not require extreme conditions of temperature or pressure to achieve its photosynthesis efficiency.  Nocera’s team will continue to seek methods to increase the solar conversion efficiency.  …

…   “The device bears no resemblance to Mother Nature's counterparts on oaks, maples and other green plants, which scientists have used as the model for their efforts to develop this new genre of solar cells.

About the shape of a poker card but thinner, the device is fashioned from silicon, electronics and catalysts, substances that accelerate chemical reactions that otherwise would not occur, or would run slowly.

Placed in a single gallon of water in a bright sunlight, the device could produce enough electricity to supply a house in a developing country with electricity for a day, Nocera said.

It does so by splitting water into its two components, hydrogen and oxygen. 

The hydrogen and oxygen gases would be stored in a fuel cell, which uses those two materials to produce electricity, located either on top of the house or beside it.”  …

Via Eureka Alert: Artificial Leaves, ACS Press Release.

American Chemical Society Green Chemistry Institute.

Daniel Nocera at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Daniel Nocera research team.

Fuel cells.

Bio-mimicry.

Green Chemistry.

The hydrogen economy.

Biomimicry enables science to emulate nature

March 21, 2011

Philippines biomass power evaluated




Philippine towns, Ragay, Sipocot and Lupi, generate sufficient agricultural waste to support the development of biomass-derived power generation.  The biopower plant is in the design phase and proceeding through regulatory approvals.  …

…   “Coconut farms can already supply 195,778.45 MT or 48 percent of the total prospective wastes.”   …

Via Philippines President Communication Agency: Power Plant.


View Larger Map

March 08, 2011

Isobutanol bioprocessing from cellulose




UCLA scientist leads BESC team in research that streamlines the synthesis of isobutanolBiofuel from cellulose biomass from cellulose based materials.  The key to the process is development of microbes through genetic engineering.  The research team will continue to pursue genetically engineered strains that convert cellulosic materials well.  …

…   “Using consolidated bioprocessing, a team led by James Liao of the University of California at Los Angeles for the first time produced isobutanol directly from cellulose.

The team's work, published online in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, represents across-the-board savings in processing costs and time, plus isobutanol is a higher grade of alcohol than ethanol.”   …

Via Oak Ridge National Laboratory: Cellulose based isobutanol.

January 10, 2011

Bird compatible biofuel grasses




could serve dual purpose.  …

…   “Native perennial grasses might provide an opportunity to produce biomass in ways that are compatible with the conservation of biodiversity … ”   …

Via Futurity: Grasses.

Biofuel from grasses

December 19, 2010

3G Biofuels Power Military Green Strategy




Military is on the brink of a green revolution as it shifts energy strategy to green technology and renewable sources.  …

…   “The Navy is only testing fuels like camelina and algae that do not compete with food, that have a total end-to-end carbon footprint cleaner than fossil fuels … ”   …

Via New York Times Op-Ed: Green Strategy.

U.S. Navy MH-60S Sea Hawk helicopter tests a 50/50 Camelina seed-based biofuel blend at Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Md.  …

web_101118-N-0000X-005[1]

December 16, 2010

Kristianstad Sweden Uses Biofuels Not Fossil Fuels for Heat and Electricity




 Kristianstad SwedeKristianstadn uses no fossil fuels for heating.  Instead they uses biomass from farming leftovers.  80,000 homes heated by biomass and not fossil fuels like coal, oil and gas!  And this is an area of the world where it gets VERY COLD !

Since solar and wind would not be effective in Kristianstad they worked with biomass.  " ... remains from farming ... manure, potato peels, pig intestines, and even cookies, .... to create biogas  ... a certain type of  methane, ... heat of the entire city, and to provide electricity for the city as well."

The driving force for the move away from fossil fuels was to protect their environment and they did not want to import fossil fules from abroad.

 

Via:  Metrolic  LINK

November 02, 2010

Bio Route to Hydrogen Fuel through Bacteria, Biomass, and Solar




Can bacteria power the hydrogen economy?  University of Washington professor will explore the opportunity and insights from research projects at this local lecture.  …

…   “Caroline Harwood, a distinguished microbiologist at the University of Wisconsin, will discuss microbial production of hydrogen gas as a biofuel in a lecture at UC Santa Cruz on Tuesday, November 9, from noon to 1 p.m. in Room 240, Physical Sciences Building. ”   …

Via University of California at Santa Cruz: Bioenergy Lecture.

October 25, 2010

Biogasoline uses catalysis for plant sugar conversion




Virent Energy raises profile of its biogasoline through supply deal with Scuderia Ferrari racing.  Virent, Shell, and Scuderia Ferrari collaborated to optimize the performance of the biofuel component.  …

…   “The Virent process uses catalysts to convert plant sugars directly into gasoline and gasoline blend components, like those produced at a petroleum refinery. The sugars can be sourced from more sustainable non-food raw materials such as corn stover, wheat straw and sugar cane residue, or from conventional biofuel feedstocks such as sugar beet, corn, wheat and sugar cane.  The energy content of Virent’s biogasoline is the same as or better than premium gasoline and can be blended seamlessly into conventional gasoline. In the future this could eliminate the need for any specialized infrastructure, engine modifications or blending equipment for use by Shell’s customers.”   …

Via Virent Energy: Racing Fuel (PDF).

October 05, 2010

Bioenergy mapping tools enable opportunity analysis




DOE’s NREL creates BioEnergy Atlas that features two bioenergy analysis and mapping tools for visualizing bioenergy data on maps to understand biomass Biomass mapping using the Atlas feedstocks, biopower and biofuels potential, production and distribution.  …

…   “Users of the tools can select and apply a multitude of geographic data layers including a variety of biomass feedstocks, existing biofuels, biopower and traditional power plants, alternative and traditional fueling stations and energy use statistics.

The BioPower updated functionalities include query, analysis and state view. 

The query function allows users to access data behind the map and to select and download data from a selected region or single point on the map.

The analysis function offers common conversion factors that allow users to determine the potential biopower or biofuels production for selected feedstocks in a specific area.”   …

Via National Renewable Energy Laboratory: Biomass Atlas.

The Bioenergy Atlas Tools.

June 21, 2010

US States Ranked by Use of Renewable Energy




Renewable Energy by State

The map at the right - link to full size below - shows " LINK ... the current state of renewable energy in America ... a large portion of the country is still dragging their feet in adopting more environmentally friendly means of generating electricity. ..."

Pennsylvania ranks 15th
New Jersey ranks 43 rd.

Check out the stats for your state.

Click for full size map ... LINK

 

Via:  CoolerPlanet 

May 31, 2010

Bacteria generate alternative fuel in bioreactor




Michigan State University chemical engineering professor works on collaborative research project to create fuel from bacteria strain.  MSU brings strengths in bioreactor design to address challenges in managing optimum fermentation conditions, appropriate concentration levels, and delivery systems.  …Bioreactor expertise

…   “Worden has to overcome two major challenges in developing the bioreactor system.

Once Ralstonia eutropha is engineered to produce isobutanol, the isobutanol eventually will build up to a toxic level and kill the bacterium.

So he must create a way to harvest the isobutanol without interrupting the fermentation process. 

Secondly, because the bacterium’s energy source – hydrogen gas – is not very water-soluble, Worden must figure out how to feed it to the bacterium in a water-based system.”   …

Via Michigan State: Harvest alternative fuel (Link).

May 25, 2010

HP Uses Bio Fuels for Rural Data Center Power




CowData Centers are moving to rural areas where land and labor are less expensive.  There are often farms and lots of cows ... and therefore lots of cow manure.

A significant cost of operating data centers is the electric bill.

" ... Hewlett-Packard ...simultaneously help dairy farmers get rid of cow manure and help data center operators procure relatively cheap fuel: Use the manure to power servers."

" ... data centers ... building them in rural areas, which happen to have an excess of animal waste. The heat from a data center could be used to improve the process by which the waste turns it into methane, which can be used in place of natural gas or diesel, HP's researchers maintain. "

"... average dairy cow, ... produces approximately 120 pounds of waste a day. It would take 10,000 cows to produce enough energy for a data center big enough to support a bank.  "


 

Via:  Fierce CIO LINK

May 24, 2010

Kraft / Philly Cream Cheese Sustainability Efforts




 phiil logo

 

" ... Philly plant in Lowville, NY ... making to reduce our carbon footprint. ... almost ¼ of the Lowville’s total energy use now comes from alternative sources."

" ... converting the waste stream from Cream Cheese production (whey) into methane gas. ... replaces about 1/3 of the natural gas usage and prevents virtually 100% of whey land-spreading. Annual energy savings are approximately 87,000 mm BTUs, or enough energy to heat around 1,100 average sized households for 1 year. ... In early 2008, ... Lowville ... replaced its interior lights with energy efficient T-8 lighting fixtures. ... saves 1,350,068 KWH of usage per year. That’s enough electricity to light 2,164 homes for a year."

" ...  In 2008, ... cut its total water use by 9%. ... [and] sent 33% less garbage to the landfill. ..."


 

Via:  Kraft  LINK

May 23, 2010

Amerigreen Gas Stations: E85 and other BioFuels




Amerigreen logo

While driving through Chester County, Pa to pick my son up from a camping trip I saw an Amerigreen gas station and thought I should check it out ... in addition to gas they sell diesel, propane and heating oil.  In addition to biodiesel and bio heating oil they have  E85.

"E85 Ethanol (85% ethanol, 15% gasoline) is a clean fuel with superior performance characteristics. It burns cleaner than gasoline, is renewable, and environmentally safer."

 "... we became one of the first oil companies in the United States to provide our customers with 100% North American made fuel--drilled, refined, and sold exclusively in North America. ..."

"In addition ... every gallon of our heating oil contains 5% soy oil, a renewable American farm product. ..."
 
" ... your heating oil and propane purchases will benefit the American economy, American jobs, ... we urge other energy companies to do the same. Because, ... it's simply the right thing to do...."
 

 

 

Via:  Amerigreen  LINK

May 04, 2010

Biotechnology route to energy




Joule focuses on biotech synthesis approach to creating fuel.  The method is moving into the pilot phase before commercialization.  …

Joule Unlimited, Cambridge, Mass., has developed several patented gene-altered organisms that absorb sunlight and carbon dioxide and combine these into hydrocarbons.

Via New York Times: Fuel-Sweating Flora.

April 26, 2010

Solar Energy Biomimicry




Green researchers use biology to better understand solar energy conversion. ...
... "Plants use solar energy to split water molecules into their component hydrogen and oxygen atoms. Scientists dream of efficiently replicating that process, then storing the resulting gases for later use in fuel cells or liquid fuels. " ...

Via Calvin College: Mimic plant energy use

April 22, 2010

Amtrak's Biodiesel "Heartland Flyer"




Amtrak logoAmtrak is experimenting with a bio-diesel fueled train ... called the Heartland Flyer.  

" ...  nation’s first-ever test of a cleaner and renewable biodiesel fuel blend to power a daily interstate passenger train between Oklahoma City and Fort Worth ... research project ... on the daily Heartland Flyer train operated by Amtrak ... biodiesel blend includes beef byproduct and is provided by a Texas-based vendor."

" ... the biodiesel blend known as B20 (20% pure biofuel and 80% diesel) reduced hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide each by 10 percent, reduced particulates by 15 percent and sulfates by 20 percent. ... measurements will be taken ... at the end of 12 months so any impact of the biodiesel on valves and gaskets can be measured...."


 

Via:  Amtrak LINK

April 01, 2010

US Air Force Test Bio-Jet Fuel in A10C




Bio fuel is being looked at for cars and commercial jets ... now the USAF is looking to see if J8 jet fuel can be supplemented or even replaced by bio-jet fuel.

"... Air Force consumes 2.4 billion gallons of jet fuel each year ... 40th Flight Test Squadron is on a mission to change that.  ... climbing into the cockpits of jets filled, in part, with alternative fuels."A-1o jet

" ... A-10C Thunderbolt II took off from Eglin Air Force Base in Florida powered by Hydrotreated Renewable Jet (HRJ) and JP-8 (Jet Propellant 8, the military standard and kerosene-based). ... mission is being considered a success: a fighter jet can fly on a synthetic fuel blend."



Via:  SmartPlanet  LINK

February 14, 2010

e. coli Possible New Route to BioDiesel




e. col.Scientist have long suspected they could modify an existing microbe to produce biofuel from plant products.  They may now be one step closer with a strain of e. coli.

"Scientists with the Department of Energy's Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) recently published a paper in the journal Nature explaining how they engineered the e. coli strain to spit out fatty esters (basically biodiesel) ... tweaked the e. coli so that it produces more fat than it normally would in a form it normally wouldn't, and they also made sure the bugs didn't eat their own fatty production. ..."

"Ideally ... would lead to a tiny, self-contained oil well: In comes plants, out comes fuels or chemicals. ..."

"... biofuels breakthroughs are published with some regularity. But no one has been able yet to turn these breakthroughs into industrial processes that can produce something useful on a large scale at reasonable cost. ..."

 

Via:  Forbes  LINK

February 06, 2010

Pioneering Algae Biofuel




Santa Fe, New Mexico provides the envronment for creative artists and renewable energy pioneers. ...
... "he uses wastewater to feed algae, pumping carbon dioxide emissions through them to make them grow faster, then harvesting them for biofuel. " ...
Via New York Times: Santa Fe, NM

January 02, 2010

Prince Charles Runs His Aston Martin on BioEthanol




Prince Charles in his Aston Martin

" ... Prince Charles, the U.K.'s version of Al Gore, has taken another step in a green direction: his 1970 Aston Martin DB6 has been converted to run entirely on bioethanol ... fuel ... made from a white wine produced near the prince's Highgrove Estate, itself a showcase for organic farming ..."

" ... goal of reducing emissions from his planes, trains, and automobiles 25% by 2018 ... European Union limits annual wine production, so any leftovers from England's current vintage can be converted to bioethanol by Green Fuels Ltd.... company has previously provided bioethanol to power the royal train. The prince's other vehicles, which include a smattering of Jaguars, a Range Rover, and an Audi, have been converted to run on bioethanol made from cooking oil...."


Via: RiverWired LINK

 

November 20, 2009

Fuel From Sugar Cane - Power for Sugar Producing Nations




claren power logo

Bio fuel from Sugar Cane is a good source of renewable energy.  Claren Power, Srlington, Virginia, works with nations rich in sugar cane to develop renewable power using bagasse - the waste material from sugar cane after the sugar has been extracted.

" ... Sugar cane bagasse, the waste pulp that remains after raw cane has been processed, has been a fuel source for decades ... much of the energy is lost to ... inefficient and unproductive technology and suboptimal operating practices ...  effectively using bagasse as a fuel source, Claren is helping to unlock the massive potential for clean and renewable power, creating huge benefits for individual mills,investors, and citizens of the developing world."

"... capitalizing on new regulations that open up national electricity markets as well as the exploding world-wide demand for certified carbon credits, Claren is able to generate tremendous returns for our clients and institutional investment partners."

 

 

Via:  Claren Power LINK

November 16, 2009

Claren Power - Turns Sugar Cane into Bio Fuel




Claren Power logo 

Claren Power, a Arlington, Virginia company, " ... partners with sugar mills in Brazil to build modern, cogenerational (making heat and power simultaneously) facilities. The fuel comes from sugar cane waste—called bagasse... "

" ... using the waste product of the sugar after the stalks are crushed, ground and shredded and the juice is squeezed out. ... use this as the fuel for our boiler, which heats water ... to generate steam. This pressurized steam drives a turbine, which is connected to a generator that converts this energy into electricity. ..."

"Most plants consume about a third of the energy (steam and electricity) that we generate during the harvest, leaving the other two-thirds to export to the electrical grid. Our goal is to help make plants more efficient so that we have more excess energy. We’re using the same resources but providing three times more energy."


Via: SmartPlanet  LINK

August 22, 2009

Chicken Poop Powers 90,000 Homes




chicken-manure-biomass Animal manure is a natural by-product of raising animals ... and needs to be disposed of properly.  Improperly disposed of it can pollute water and make a smelly mess. 

Here is a way to reduce waste and re-use the manure to make enerty.

... world’s largest biomass power plant running exclusively on chicken manure has opened in the Netherlands .... will deliver renewable electricity to 90,000 households ... capacity of 36.5 megawatts, and will generate more than 270 million kWh of electricity per year."

" ... more than merely “carbon neutral” ... If ... spread out over farm land, it would release not only CO2, but also methane, a very potent greenhouse gas. ..."

" ... will utilize approximately 440,000 tons of chicken manure, roughly one third of the total amount produced each year in the Netherlands. ... European countries ... suffer under an excess of different types of animal manure that pollute the environment."

 

 

 

Via:  Meatefficient LINK

August 15, 2009

Gainesville Florida Big in Alternative Energy: PV and Biomass




City of Gainesville, Fla logo

Gainesville Florida has been active in alternative energy since 1997 offering rebates for solar water heating and now for solar PV.  They are now looking to increase the amount of PV electricity generated by offering more incentives.

 

 " ...offered solar water heating rebates since 1997 and solar photovoltaic (PV) systems rebates since 2007 ... now ... created a solar feed-in-tariff (FIT) program to increase the number of solar PV systems in Gainesville."http://wwGRU logo

" ... May 2009, ... approved a 30-year contract between GRU and Gainesville Renewable Energy Center ... build, own and operate a 100-megawatt biomass power plant ... fueled by forestry-waste material generated by ... paper pulp, chip and saw timber – as well as urban wood waste. "

" ... using biomass ... will promote our energy independence, add diversity to our fuel supply and shield customers from anticipated increasing fossil-fuel prices. ... allow Gainesville to achieve its carbon-reduction goals, which are based on the Kyoto Protocol."

" ... plan to purchase energy that G2 Energy, ... generate from methane gas collected at the Marion County Baseline Landfill ... "

 

Via:  Gainesville Regional Utilities  LINK

 

August 07, 2009

A GREENER Toilet Uses no Energy and Turns Poo into BioFuel




Toilet made from Poo

Imagine a toilet that uses no energy and turns waste into compost.

Virginia Gardiner is doing just that ... check out the VIDEO of this interesting GREEN device.

" ...working on a new waterless toilet system  ... create a toilet for city dwellers that uses no energy, and turns waste "into a commodity.""

" ... portable, low-tech LooWatt effectively captures odor and allows human waste (... to  be turned into a source of energy via anaerobic digestion. With 40 percent of people globally in need of sanitary facilities, it's well worth imagining a solution that doesn't flush drinking water down the toilet."

 

Via:  SustainLane  LINK

July 31, 2009

New Belguim Brewing - Environmentally Friendly Brewers




 new belgium brewery logo

New Belgium Brewing is a green brewer ... read about some of their efforts and innovations in green brewing ... there are many many more on their web site.

http://www.newbelgium.com/files/shared/homeimagecycle_01.jpg

Green building ... " ... using UV blocking windows, sun-tubes, and light shelves. .. evaporative coolers, we can condition our 55,000 square foot packaging hall with no compressors, using much less energy ... "

Green energy ... " ... methane produced by process water treatment is used to fuel a ... co-gen—which creates electricity and heat for the brewery. ... co-gen ... full-time, it can supply 15% of our electrical needs ... In 1999, New Belgium became the first wind-powered brewery ..."

Walk the Talk ... " .... members of 1% For The Planet ... through donations and fund-raisers, 1% of our revenue goes to environmental non-profits ...  encourage sustainable transportation, every employee gets a custom cruiser bike after one-year of employment."


Via:  New Belgium Brewing   LINK

July 27, 2009

Liquid Fuel from Solar Energy and CO2 using Biotech Process




Joule Biotechnologies adds leadership talent as it prepares to commercialize a biotechnology process that uses solar energy to convert CO2 into liquid fuel, called Helioculture. The company's proprietary technology uses bio organisms and the photosynthesis process to transform CO2, using sunlight, into fuels. Joule Bio will work towards commercial scale production in the 2010 timeframe. ...
... "On the appointment of Bill Sims, as president and CEO: In addition to his proven leadership and record of operational excellence, Bill has direct experience bringing new technologies to market against long-established incumbents --- in Joule’s case, fossil fuels. We’re thrilled to see the company emerge and build a successful path to energy independence under his guidance. " ...
Via Joule Biotechnologies: Solar Startup

Continue reading "Liquid Fuel from Solar Energy and CO2 using Biotech Process" »

June 15, 2009

Energy-Inc. - Profitable Solution to a Zero Carbon Footprint





Energy-Inc.

 

John O'Hurley ... of Seinfield fame as J. Peterman ... has co-founded Energy-Inc.   The Las Vegas, Nevada company has a variety of services and technologies for producing power from waste ...

>>> Their tagline is ... a profitable solution to a zero carbon footprint. 

>>> Their message is Waste to Energy rather than waste to landfills.

 

They design, build and manage waste to power systems. Rather than paying to dispose of waste you can turn it into power ... Listen to the video for more ... and see how they plan to make landfills obsolete. They guarantee performance and up to 100% financing ...

 

Via:: Energy-Inc. Link

June 11, 2009

vegawatt - waste vegatable oil into a power source




 vegawatt - how it works diagram

Restaurants have always had to deal with waste oil - and usually had to pay to haul it away.   More recently it has been seen as a source of bio-diesel and thus less costly to dispose.  And because it does not need to be trucked away there are energy savings and emission reductions ...

Now with vegawatt - it can be turned into an on-site power source. 

vegawatt

" ...about the size of a refrigerator, ... hooks up through one electrical cable to the electric system. There is also a hot water feed and return system. ... industrial compression-ignition engine produces heat and hot water for use directly by the restaurant. ..."

 "... goal is to capture the most energy possible from the oil that a foodservice location produces. Typically we produce 10% to 25% of the electricity needed by a restaurant. "

Some of the benefits ... "Produce Renewable Energy Certificates (REC's), ... Produce Carbon Credits, ... Reduce the CO2 emissions ..."

 

Via:LINK

 

May 08, 2009

Bio Diesel via Mushrooms





enlared view of fungusMany crops have been considered / experimented with as a source of bio fuel or bio diesel.  Some carry risks of causing unintended consequences as land is cleared for farming -- Now the mushroom is looming large!

" ... biofuels from corn and soy ... destructive to the planet in certain ways as farmers in developing nations slash and burn forests to grow new crops. ... alternative: a ... genetically-modified mushroom that yields a large biomass which can be converted into a first-rate biofuel."

" ... genetically-engineered them to be ... more sustainable in culture during fermentation, and have both enhanced growth rate and spore production...."

Via:  TreeHugger  LINK

April 01, 2009

Clemson Bio Fuels Research




                                                                                                                                                                 Clemson University and the US DOE Savannah River National Lab are working together on the South Carolina BioEnergy Research Collaborative. The expectation is to advance the development and use of biofuels in agriculturally rich S.C. SRNL logo

Clemson University Restoration Institute

Read on for more info >>>

" ... Clemson University Restoration Institute and the ... Savannah River National Laboratory are founding members of the S.C. BioEnergy Research Collaborative, ... will enhance the exchange of ideas and the development and use of new technologies. ...  the agreement, the Restoration Institute and the laboratory will ... Research crop development and harvesting, including switchgrass, sweet sorghum and pine ... Study emerging energy alternatives, such as algae; and ... Research crop-processing techniques to yield viable energy and chemical products, including ethanol, biodiesel and energy briquettes.







The project has the potential not only to enhance South Carolina's reputation as a leading alternative-energy researcher, but also boost Palmetto State agriculture, said Karl Kelly, director of corporate operations at the Restoration Institute.

The pilot plant will allow researchers to "scale up" new biofuel technologies, a crucial step between small laboratory experiments and full-scale production, he said.

"It's a project that addresses the entire process, from the field to the production of ethanol," Kelly said. "We'll look for gaps in the technology and fill them."

Initial funding was provided by a $1.2 million grant from the U.S. Department of Energy. The collaborative is actively seeking funding for construction of the plant, which will take about 12 months to build.


 

 

Via:  Clemson University  LINK

Continue reading "Clemson Bio Fuels Research" »

March 30, 2009

Biorefining Course




Short course on biorefining will be offered at the Colorado Center for Biorefining and Biofuels on May 11-13. ...
... "The three-day course is a collaboration of academia, industry and national laboratories to develop biorefining and biofuels technology for future commercial application. The short course will provide focused training and will include key research thrusts and commercialization challenges relevant to C2B2 and the bioenergy industry, according to C2B2 Executive Director Alan Weimer. " ...
Via University of Colorado at Boulder: Biorefining and Biofuels

March 22, 2009

Cellulosic Biofuel Research Efforts




Clemson's Restoration Institute will research biofuel crops, such as switchgrass, evaluate algae paths to biofuels, and identify techniques to produce energy products. ...
... "This includes its expertise in microbial and enzyme technologies to break down chemical compounds. The laboratory is playing a lead role in research into the pretreatment of plant matter prior to fermentation and in the discovery of effective new cellulose enzymes. The entire senior class of Clemson chemical engineering professor Charles Gooding is working on a project to design a switchgrass-to-ethanol plant. Thirty-four students are looking at alternatives to the process, which could prove useful to the plant design, Gooding said. " ...
Via Clemson University: Collaboration to develop bioenergy

March 11, 2009

Shell Partners with Codexis on BioFuel Research





Shell logo

"Royal Dutch Shell plc and Codexis, Inc. today [10-March-09] announced an expanded agreement to develop better enzymes that could accelerate commercialisation of next generation biofuels. ...Shell also increased its equity stake in Codexis ..."
Codexis logo
" ... enhance the efficiency of enzymes used in the Iogen cellulosic ethanol production process.  The world-leading Iogen demonstration plant in Ottawa, Canada currently produces hundreds of thousands of litres of cellulosic ethanol from agricultural residue, such as wheat straw. "

" ... aims to enhance the Iogen process and shorten the timeline to its full-scale commercial deployment. ..."

 

 Via:  Shell  Link

February 08, 2009

Renewable Energy World Conference - March 10 - 12: Las Vegas




Renewable Energy World Conference & Expo North America logo

The 6th Renewable Energy World Conference is March 10 - 12 in Las Vegas, Nevada. 

 " ... Renewable Energy World Conference & Expo North America (formerly POWER-GEN Renewable Energy & Fuels) ... now in its 6th year ... offers a worldwide audience who will hear papers, panel discussions and presentations during technical sessions related to technology, markets, business strategies and policy covering the wind, solar, biomass, hydro, geothermal, ocean/tidal/wave, bio-power, bio-fuels hydrogen and energy sectors. ... Connecting 5,000 renewable energy power professionals with 300 exhibitors for three days of networking, new business negotiation and the exchange of important ideas and information impacting the renewable energy industry today.

Listen to why YOU should attend ... .

Via: Renewable Energy World Conference & Expo North America Link

January 08, 2009

Eco-nomics Forum





eco-nomics logo

" ...  uniquely interactive format and high caliber of participants, ECO:nomics debuted last year as the premier forum for CEOs and entrepreneurs driving growth at the intersection of business and the environment...."eco-noics venue

 

Snippets of the Program ... "... Green People - What do consumers want, and what will they pay for it? ... Power Play - What will keep the lights on: nuclear energy or "clean coal"? ... Fresh Juice - Can wind and solar grow big enough to matter? ... The Future of Coal ... The Future of Biofuels ... The Future of Solar ..."

 

 

Via:  eco-nomics LINK

October 23, 2008

AMERIgreen Bio Fuels




AMERIGREEN bio fuels logoAMERIgreen provides biofuels in the western suburbs of Philadelphia.

"... Biofuels are alternative fuels as defined by the U.S. Department of Energy. ... burn cleaneAMERIgreen coverage in western Phila suburbsr than gasoline and standard home heating oil. ... completely renewable, domestic, environmentally friendly fuels that enhance the nation's economy and energy independence."

" ... is a national leader in distributing branded and unbranded Ethanol, Biodiesel, Bioheating Oil, and Biokerosene! ... provide Blended Biodiesel at our two blending terminals in Highspire and Sinking Springs. PA...."

 

View their 30 second commercial Link

 

Via:  AMERIgreen   Link

October 07, 2008

Algae Powered Car!




Many are looking at the humble algae as a possible biofuel. Unlike corn it does not (yet) compete as "food or fuel" and does not require lots of irrigation water to grow. See the video to learn more >>> " ... algae is becoming the new go-to ingredient for a myriad of products. On a visit to Solazyme, a South San Francisco-based biotech company, CNET News.com's Kara Tsuboi rides in a 100 percent algae-fueled car and samples surprisingly tasty algae cooking oil that rivals any extra virgin olive oil." Via: ZDNet Link

September 22, 2008

Exelon Using Boidiesel and Hybrids




Exelon Logo
Exelon, a major energy supplier in the northeast and in Philadelphia (via PECO), has committed to using Biodiesel and Hybrids.  

Read on for more  >>>

"Exelon continues to be a major voluntary user of B20 biodiesel  ... the main source of fuel for more than 2,500 of the company's  vehicles—or 65 percent of its fleet. ... Exelon uses in excess of 2 million gallons per year. ... In 2005, Exelon purchased 50 Ford Escape Hybrids, the first production hybrid sport-utility vehicle (SUV).  ... about 25 percent of the company’s overall SUV fleet. ... expects to procure 50 hybrid SUVs and 10 compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) vehicles each year and to use biodiesel for all diesel vehicles by the end of 2006."


Via:  PewClimate.org  Link

September 05, 2008

Eco-Sol LLC - Renewable Energy




eco-sol llc logo

"... Eco-Sol provides a unique integrated approach to renewEco-Sol able energy and sustainable agriculture while emphasizing solutions that are truly environmentally friendly when compared to current “Green” industry practices."

" ... eliminating unnecessary processing, transportation, and chemicals, but to minimize our environmental impact and carbon footprint as well. ...  careful selection of oilseed feedstocks from area and climate suitable ecosystems, with an eye to reducing the water and energy used in all aspects of production. ... will provide a value added, locally grown, low maintenance/low input source of raw material for biodiesel production while driving agricultural economic development."


Via: Eco-Sol, LLC Link

May 05, 2008

Renewable Diesel Biofuel




Amyris and Crystalsev, a Brazilian ethanol distributor, will commercialize renewable fuels made from sugarcane. Diesel, jet fuel and gasoline will be formulated biologically through fermentation of sugar. The Amyris-Crystalsev partnership will distribute renewable fuels globally, but will initially focus on Brazil and the United States markets. ...
... "The first product, a renewable diesel that works in today's engines, is targeted for commercialization in 2010. Scale-up and testing work to date indicate that this fuel scales more quickly and economically than currently available biofuels, and reduces emissions by 80 percent over petroleum diesel. Using Amyris' breakthrough technology platform, the new joint venture, Amyris-Crystalsev Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento de Biocombustiveis Ltda, will work with Brazilian sugarcane mills and fuel producers to quickly scale production of the Amyris renewable diesel fuel. Amyris will hold the majority stake in the Amyris-Crystalsev venture, and Crystalsev will hold the remaining stake and contribute commercialization expertise. " ...
Via Amyris Biotechnologies: Innovative Renewable Diesel from Sugarcane by 2010

February 13, 2008

Bio-Diesel Flight Around the World




 green flight international logo
Green Fuel for airplanes! 

Green Flight International has made history buy having "... completed the world's first Jet aircraft flight powered by 100% biofuel ..."Bio diesel jet

They are planning an around the world approx. 22,000 nautical mile flight to further demonstrate their capabilities.  The date has not yet been set but he flight will "... set an example to the International community that it is possible to implement Alternative energy into mainstream transportation sources."

Green Flight International is based in Apopka, Florida.

Via:  Green Flight International Link

 

Continue reading "Bio-Diesel Flight Around the World" »

February 07, 2008

Saab 9-4X Optimized for Bio Fuels




Saab 9-4X BioPower Concept Car 

"... Saab 9-4X BioPower Concept demonstrates the potential ... a 2.0-liter, four-cylinder turbo engine optimized for bioethanol (E85) fuel to give 300 hp and 400 Nm (295 ft.lbs.) of torque - ..." saab logo

"... Its current BioPower models are the top-selling flex-fuel vehicles in Europe, ... offering both more power and producing less CO2 emissions when operating on E85 fuel compared to when fueled by only gasoline. ..."

"...  engine is optimized for E85 fuel (85% bioethanol, 15% gasoline) ..."

"Engine efficiency is also improved by the use of direct injection (DI) and continuously variable valve timing (VVT) on both the inlet and exhaust sides. ..."


Via:  SaabUSA.com  Link

October 22, 2007

Waste Heat Engine




Cyclone Power Tech tests its Waste Heat Engine. ...

... "The WHE is a self-starting, external combustion engine that operates in a low pressure, low temperature range. This feature allows the engine to run on waste heat emanating from an external source, such as the exhaust from an internal (or external) combustion engine, or the direct burning of biomass (i.e., processing garbage into methane is not required). The WHE is also designed to run efficiently on solar heat without the installation of costly photovoltaic panels. " ...

 

Continue reading "Waste Heat Engine" »

August 08, 2007

Bagasse as Biofuel Feedstock




Research study will evaluate the use of Florida bagasse as a feedstock for bioenergy manufacturing in Florida.  Via University of Florida: Bagasse is the fibrous plant material that remains once all of the juice has been squeezed from the sugarcane stalk. Bagasse consists mostly of stalk fibers but Bagassealso contains leaves and other biomass components that were brought to the mill by harvest trucks or railcars. Bagasse is about half water and half dry matter (plant material). In Florida, most bagasse is burned as fuel for the mills.  ...
... "Although bagasse is a valuable fuel, there is strong commercial interest in upgrading its value by converting it to ethanol. Demand for ethanol is driven by the President’s call to boost annual ethanol and other alternative fuel production to 35 billion gallons by 2017 and reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil. FIU and FCC will investigate promising pretreatment processes for bagasse conversion to sugars that can be readily fermented to ethanol and will scale up those findings to a pilot facility to assess the feasibility of commercialization of the bagasse-to-ethanol technology. Florida Crystals" ...

Via Florida International University: FIU and Florida Crystals to develop ethanol technology

 

June 26, 2007

BioEnergy Research Initiative Funded




Bioenergy research center is establlished through DOE funding, with collaboration of leading University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers, national laboratories, and industry. ... DOE BioEnergy Research Centers
... "The award, in the neighborhood of $125 million during five years, establishes the DOE Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC), where scientists and engineers will conduct basic research toward a suite of new technologies to help convert cellulosic plant biomass - cornstalks, wood chips and perennial native grasses - to sources of energy for everything from cars to electrical power plants. The other two DOE Bioenergy Research Centers are the DOE BioEnergy Research Center, led by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Oak Ridge, Tenn., and the DOE Joint BioEnergy Institute, led by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, Calif. The research portfolio of the DOE GLBRC will focus on breeding new varieties of biomass plants, developing new processing techniques and agents from microbes for breaking down cellulose, improving the microbial and chemical processes that convert biomass to energy products, providing an environmental and economic framework for sustaining the biomass-to-fuel pipeline, and integrating new technologies - including genomics and new computational methods - into bioenergy research. " ...

Via University of Wisconsin-Madison: Major bioenergy initiative takes flight in Midwest

Via DOE: DOE Bioenergy Research Centers: "The mission of the DOE Bioenergy Research Centers is to conduct systems biology research on microbes and plants, with the goal of harnessing nature’s own powerful mechanisms for producing energy from sunlight. A major focus will be on understanding how to reengineer biological processes for more efficient conversion of plant fiber, or cellulose, into ethanol, a substitute for gasoline. "

Via Oak Ridge National Laboratory: DOE bioenergy center: "Funded by the Department of Energy's Office of Science, the DOE Bioenergy Science Center will be located on the ORNL campus in a new facility funded by the state and owned by the University of Tennessee. The center will employ the interdisciplinary expertise of the team's partners in biology, engineering and agricultural science and commercialization to develop processes for converting plants including switchgrass and poplar trees into fuels. "

Via Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory: DOE Bioscience Center: "The DOE JBEI researchers will tackle key scientific problems that currently hinder the cost-effective conversion of lignocellulose into biofuels and other important chemicals. They will also develop the tools and infrastructure to accelerate future biofuel research and production efforts, and help transition new technologies into the commercial sector. The goal of the DOE JBEI is to achieve measurable success within the next five years. "

 

April 30, 2007

Bioprocess For Monomer From Cellulosic Materials




Ceres and Rohm and Haas link up to research a cellulosic path to acrylic monomer that has synergy with biofuel production. This would enable traditional products, such as paint, to be derived from plant materials. ...
... "Funded by a $1.5 million research grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the three-year project will determine if energy crops planted for cellulosic ethanol could simultaneously produce methacrylate monomers, a key raw material used in Bioprocess for monomer production to be researched by Ceresthe manufacture of many products including paint and coatings, building materials, and acrylic sheet and resins. The economics are attractive. More than 1.5 billion pounds of methacrylate monomers are produced annually in the United States, a market worth $780 million. Though in its early stages, the science looks promising. Molecular biologists and biochemistry experts at Ceres say that some plants naturally produce compounds similar to methacrylate monomers, but do not necessarily accumulate them in extractable forms or quantities. They believe it may be feasible to alter the way plants produce these compounds so that they can be extracted from the dried stalks, stems and leaves before these are fed into biorefineries producing ethanol from cellulose. " ...

Via Rohm and Haas: Bio-Products Research

 

March 11, 2007

BioEnergy Fermentation Genome Sequenced




Fungus is efficient fermenter of wood sugar xylose, which is abundant in cellulosic materials. The genes can be engineering to increase biofuel production. ... Bioenergy conversion process
... "For cellulosic ethanol production, one major detour has being addressed with the characterization of the genetic blueprint of the fungus Pichia stipitis, by the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) and collaborators at the U.S. Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory (FPL). The research, entailing the identification of numerous genes in P. stipitis responsible for its fermenting and cellulose-bioconverting prowess, and an analysis of these metabolic pathways ... " ...

Via DOE Joint Genome Institute: Genome Sequenced For Biofuel Production

 

February 21, 2007

Biomass Ethanol Challenge: Conversation Continues




Ethanol conference attendees discuss challenges, such as efficient synthesis route, and opportunities confronting the cellulosic path to ethanol. ...
... "Although ethanol can be produced from virtually any plant substance, more intensive chemical processes are required to make the fuel from fibrous materials like grass or wood than from starch materials like corn or sugar cane ... " ...

Via Arizona Daily Star: Bioethanol Challenges

 

February 18, 2007

Farm Waste Forms Fuel Tank: Corn Has Dual Role




Researchers have developed carbon briquettes with nanopores that store natural gas at a extremely high density, 180X, and at low pressure, 1/7th of conventional tanks.  This research effort is aimed at enabling automobiles to run on methane, an abundant domestic fuel, as a cost-effective alternative to gasoline.  National Science Foundation's Partnerships for Corn's role in alternative energyInnovation program funded the research project with a $600,000 grant.  Corn's role in the alternative fuel economy would range from bioethanol production from corn kernels and natural-gas tanks from corncobs.   ...

... "The carbon briquettes contain networks of pores and channels that can hold methane at a high density without the cost of extreme compression, ultimately storing the fuel at a pressure of only 500 pounds per square inch, the pressure found in natural gas pipelines.

In addition to efforts to commercialize the technology, the researchers are now focusing on the next generation briquette, one that will store more natural gas and cost less to produce. Pfeifer believes this next generation of briquette might even hold promise for storing hydrogen. " ...

Via US National Science Foundation, NSF: Farm Waste to Fuel Tanks